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Claverham DVL

Defined Vocab List for GCSE Cambridge Latin Course

QuestionAnswer
vultus, vultus expression, face
vulnus, vulneris wound
vox, vocis voice, shout
vos, vestrum you (plural)
volo, velle, volui want
voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatus call
vivus, viva, vivum alive, living
vivo, vivere, vixi live
vita, vitae life
vir, viri man
vinum, vini wine
vinco, vincere, vinci, victus conquer, win
video, videre, vidi, visus see
via, viae street
vester, vestia, vestrum your (plural), yours
verus, vera, verum true, real
verto, vertere, verti, versus turn
verbum, verbi word
venio, venire, veni come
vendo, vendere, vendidi, venditus sell
veho, vehere, vexi, vectus carry
vehementer violently, loudly
vale, valete goodbye, farewell
ubi where?, where, when
umquam ever
unde from where
unus, una, unum one
urbs, urbis city
ut (indic) as
ut (subj) to, so that
utrum...an whether...or
uxor, uxoris wife
tuus, tua, tuum your (singular), yours
turba, turbae crowd
tum then
tu, tui you (singular)
tristis, triste sad
tres, tria three
trans (acc) across
traho, trahere, traxi, tractus drag
trado, tradere, tradidi, traditus hand over
totus, tota, totum whole
tot so many
timeo, timere, timui fear, be afraid
terreo, terrere, terrui, territus frighten
terra, terrae ground, land
teneo, tenere, tenui, tentus hold
tempus, temporis time
templum, templi temple
tantus, tanta, tantum so great, such a great
tandem at last
tamen however
tam so
talis such
taceo, tacere, tacui, tacitus be silent, be quiet
taberna, tabernae shop, inn
suus, sua, suum his, her, its, their (own)
surgo, surgere, surrexi stand up, get up
supero, superare, superavi, superatus overcome, overpower
summus, summa, summum highest, greatest, top (of)
sum, esse, gui be
subito suddenly
sub(acc/abl) under, beneath
stultus, stulta, stultum stupid
sto, stare, steti stand
statim at once, immediately
spes, spei hope
spero, sperare, speravi, speratus hope, expect
specto, spectare, spectavi, spectatus watch, look at
solus, sola, solum alone, lonely only
sine (+abl) without
simulac, simulatque as soon as
silva, silvae wood
signum, signi sigh, signal, seal
sic thus, in this way
se if
sex six
severus, severa, severum severe, strict
servus, servi slave
sequor, sequi, secutus sum follow
suptem seven
sentio, sentire, sensi, sensus feel, notice
senex, senis old man
senator, senatoris senator
semper always
sedeo, sedere, sedi sit
sed but
se, sui himself, herself, itself, themselves
scribo, scribere, scripsi, scriptus write
scio, scire, scivi, scitus know
satis enough
sanguis, sanguinis blood
salve!, salvete! (plural) hello!
saluto, salutare, salutavi, salutatus greet
saevus, saeva, saevum savage, cruel
saepe often
sacer, sacra, sacrum sacred
Romanus, Romana, Romanum Roman
Roma, Romae Rome
rogo, rogavi, rogatus ask, ask for
rideo, ridere, risi laugh, smile
rex, regis king
respondeo, respondere, respondi, responsus reply
resisto, resistere, restiti (+dat) resist
res, rei thing, business
relinquo, relinquere, reliqui, relictus leave, leave behind
regredio, regredi, regressus sum go back, return
regina, reginae queen
refero, referre, rettuli, relatus bring/carry back, report
redeo, redire, redii go back, come back
re- -back
rapio, rapere, rapui, raptus seize, grab
quot? how many?
quoque also, too
quo modo? how? in what way?
quod because
quo? where to?
quis? quid who? what?
quinque five
quidam, quaedam, quoddam one, a certain, some
qui, quae, quod who, which
-que and
quattuor four
quantus? quanta, quantum how big?
quamquam although
quam than
quam how...? how...!
qualis? quale what sort of...?
quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus search for, ask
pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum beautiful, handsome
pugno, pugnare, pugnavi fight
puer, pueri boy
puella, puellae girl
proximus, proxima, proximum nearest, next to
prope (acc) near
promitto, promittere, promisi, promissus promise
progredior, pregredi, pregressus sum advance
proficiscor, proficisci, prefectus sum set out
procedo, procedere, processi advance, proceed
pro (+abl) in front of, for, in return for
priusquam before, untill
princeps, principis chief, chieftain, emperor
primus, prima, primum first
praemium, praemii prize, reward, profit
praebeo, praebere, praebui, praebitus provide
postulo, postulare, postulavi, postulatus demand
postridie on the next day
postquam after, when
postea afterwards
post (+acc) after, behind
possum, posse, potui can, be able
portus, portus harbour, port
porto, portare, portavi, portatus carry
porta, portae gate
pono, ponere, posui, positus place, put
poena, poenae punishment
plenus, plena, plenum full
placet, placere, placuit (+dat) it pleases, suits
peto, petere, petivi, petitus make for, seek, beg/ask for, attack
pes, pedis foot, paw
perterritus, perterrita, perterritum terrified
persuadeo, persuadere, persuasi (+dat) persuade
periculum, periculi danger
pereo, perire, perii die, perish
per (+acc) through, along
pecunia, pecuniae money
pax, pacis peace
pauci, paucae, pauca a few, few
patior, pati, passus sum suffer, endure
pater, patris father
parcus, parva, parvum small
pars, partis part
paro, parare, paravi, paratus prepare
paene almost, nearly
ostendo, ostendere, ostendi, ostentus show
oro, orare, oravi, oratus beg
oppugno, oppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatus attack
omnis, omne all, every
olim once, some time ago
offero, offerre, obtuli, oblatus offer
occido, occidere, occidi, occisus kill
octo eight
odi, odisse hate
nuntius, nuntii messenger, message, news
nuntio, nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatus announce
nunc now
numquam never
num...? surely not?
num whether
nullus, nulla, nullum not any, no
nox, noctis night
novus, nova, novum new
novem nine
noster, nostra, nostrum our
nos, nostrum we, us
nonne? surely?
non not
nomen, nominis name
nolo, nolle, nolue not know
nisi unless, except
nihil nothing
nescio, nescire, nescivi not know
nemo, neminis no one, nobody
neco, necare, necavi, necatus kill
nec...nec neither...nor
ne...ne that...not, so that...not
navis, navis ship
navigo, navigare, navigavi sail
nauta, nautae sailor
narro, narrare, narravi, narratus tell, narate
nam for
murus, muri wall
multus, multa, multum much, many
multo much
mox soon
moveo, movere, movi, motus move
mors, mortis death
morior, mori, mortuus sum die
mons, montis mountain
moneo, monere, monui, monitus warn, advise
modus, modi manner, way, kind
mitto, mittere, misi, missus send
miser, misera, miserum miserable, wretched, sad
minime very little, least, no
mille, milia thousand
miles, militis soldier
meus, mea, meum my
medius, media, medium middle
mater, matris mother
maritus, mariti husband
mare, maris sea
manus, manus hand, group of people
maneo, manere, mansi remain, stay
malus, mala, malum evil, bad
malo, malle, malui prefer
magnus, magna, magnum big, large, great
lux, lucis light
loquor, loqui, locutus sum speak
longus, longa, longum long
locus, loci place
libertus, liberti freedman
libero, liberare, liberavi, liberatus free, set free
liberi, liberorum children
liber, libri book
libenter willingly, gladly
lente slowly
lego, legere, legi, lectus read, choose
legio, legionis legion
legatus, legati commander
laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatus praise
latus, lata, latum wide
laetus, laetua, laetum happy
lacrimo, lacrimare, lacrimavi weep, cry
lacrima, lacrimae tear
laboro, laborare, laboravi work
labor, laboris work
iuvenis, iuvenis young man
iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussus order
iterum again
iter, itineris journey
itaque and so, therefore
ita in this way
is, ea id he, she, it, that, this, them
iratus, irata, iratum angry
ira, irae anger
ipse, ipsa, ipsum himself, herself, itself, themselves
invenio, invenire, inveni, inventus find
intro, intrare, intravi, intratus enter
interficio, interficere, interfeci. interfectus kill
interea meanwhile
inter (+acc) among, between
intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectus understand, realise
insula, insulae island, block of flats
inquit say
ingredior, ingredi, ingressus sum enter
ingens, ingentis huge
infelix, infelicis unlucky, unhappy
invendo, invendere, invendi, incensus burn, set fire
in (acc) into, onto
in (+abl) in, on
impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatus (dat) order, command
imperium, imperii empire, power, command
imperator, imperatoris emperor, command
ille, illa, illud that, he, she, it
igitur therefore
idem, eadem, idem the same
ibi there
ianua, ianuae door
iacio, iacere, ieci, iactus throw
de-/e-/in-icio throw down/out/in
iaceo, iacere, iacui lie
humus, humi (humi) ground (on the ground)
hostis, hostis enemy
hortus, horti garden
hortor, hortari, hortatus sum encourage, urge
ora, horae hour
homo, hominis man, human
hodie today
hic here
hic, haec, hoc this
heri yesterday
habito, habitare, habitavi, havitatus live
habeo, habere, habui, habitus have
gravis, grave heavy, serious
gradius, gladii sword
gero, gerere, gessi, gestus wear, wage
gaudeo, gaudere, gavisus sum rejoice
fundo, fundere, fudi, fuses pour
fugio, fugere, fugi run away, flee
frustra in vain
frater, fratis brother
frango, frangere, fregi, fractus break
forum, fori forum
fortis, forte brave
forte by chance
flumen, fluminis river
filius, filii son
filia, filiae daughter
fidelis, fidele faithful, loyal
festino, festinare, festinavi hurry
ferrumm, ferri iron, sword
ferox, ferocis fierce, ferocious
femina, feminae women
fero, ferre, tuil, latus bring, carry
facio, facere, feci, factus make, do
facilis, facile easy
exspectro, exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatus wait for
etiam also, even
et...et both...and
et and
equus horse
epistula, epistulae letter
eo, ire go
enim for
emo, emere, emi, emptus buy
egredior, egredi, egressus sum go out
effugio, effugere, effugi escape
ecce! look!
e, ex (+abl) from, out of
dux, ducis leader
duo, duae, duo two
dum while, until
duco, ducere, duxi, ductus lead, take
dormio, dormire, dormivi sleep
donum, doni gift, present
domus, domus (domi) home (at home)
dominus, domini master
domina, dominae mistress
doceo, docere, docui, doctus teach
do, dare, dedi, datus give
diu for a long time
descedo, descedere, descessi depart, leave
dirus, dira, dirum dreadful
difficilis, difficile difficult
dies, diei day
dico, dicere, dixi, dictus say
deus, dei god
descendo, descendere, descendi, descensus go down, come down
deleo, delere, delevi, deletus destroy
deinde then
defendo, defendere, defendi, defensus defend
decem ten
debeo, debere, debui, debitus owe, ought, should, must
dea, deae goddess
de (+abl) from, down from, about
custos, custodis guard
curro, currere, cucurri, cursus run
curo, curare, curavi, curatus look after, care for, supervise
cura, curae care, worry
cur? why?
cupio, cupere, cupivi, cupitus want, desire
cum (+abl) with
cum when
crudelis, crudele cruel
credo, credere, credidi, creditus believe, trust, have faith in
corpus, corporis body
convenio, convenire, conveni come together, gather, meet
consumo, consumere, consumpsi, consumptus eat
constituo, constituere, constitui, constitutus decide
conspicio, conspicere, conspexi, conspectus catch sight of, notice
consilium, consilii plan, idea, advice
conor, conari, conatus sum try
conficio, conficere, confeci, confectus finish, wear out, exhaust
comes, comitis comrade, companion
cogo, cogere, coegi, coactus force, compel
cognosco, cognoscere, cognovi, cognitus get to know, find out
cogito, cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatus think, consider
coepi, coepisse, coeptus begin
clamor, clamoris shout, noise
clamo, clamare, clamavi, clamatus shout
civis, civis citizen
circum around
cibus, cibi food
ceteri, ceterae, cetera the rest, the others
centum 100
cena, cenae dinner, meal
celo, celare, celavi, celatus hide
celer, celeris, celere quick, fast
castra, castrorum camp
carus, cara, carum dear
caput, capitis head
capio, capere, cepi, captus take, catch, capture
caelum, caeli sky, heaven
brevis, breve short, brief
bonus, bona, bonum good
bene well
bellum war
bellum gero wage war
auxilium, auxilii help
aufer, auferre, abstuli, ablatus take away, carry off, steal
audio, audire, audivi, auditus hear, listen to
audax, audacis bold, daring
ascendo, ascendere, ascendi, ascensus climb
ars, artis art, skill
aqua, aquae water
apud (+acc) among
appropinquo, appropinquare, appropinquavi approach, come near to
appareo, apparere, apparui appear
aperio, aperire, aperui, apertus open
antea before
annus, anni year
animus, animi spirit, mind
ancilla, ancillae slave-girl, maid
amor, amoris love
amo, amare, amavi, amatus love, like
amicus, amici friend
ambulo, ambulare, ambulavi walk
altus, alta, altum high, deep
alter, altera, alterum the other, another, the second of two
alii...alii some...others
alius, alia, aliud other, another, else
aliquid, aliquid someone, something
ago, agere, egi, actus do, act
aedifico, aedificare, aedificavi, aedificatus build
advenio, advenire, advenio arrive
adsum, adesse, adfui be here, be present
adiuvo, adiuvare, adiuvi, adiutus help
adeo so much, so greatly
ad (+acc) to, towards, at
accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptus accept, take in
accido, accidere, accidi happen
ac, atque and
absum, abesse, afui be out, be absent
a, ab (+abl) from, by
Created by: 05cwarne