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WVSOM FA -- 14

WVSOM -- First Aid -- Key Associations Page 3

QuestionAnswer
Hematoma -- epidural rupture of middle meningeal artery (arterial bleeding is fast)
Hematoma -- subdural rupture of bridging veins (trauma; venous bleeding is slow)
Hemochromatosis multiple blood transfusions (can rsult in CHF and incrased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma)
Hepatocellular carcinoma cirrhotic liver (Hep B and C)
Hereditary bleeding disorder von Willebrand's disease
hereditary harmless jaundice Gilbert's syndrome (benign congential unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia)
HLA-B27 Ankylosing spondylitis, Reiter's syndrome, ulcerative colitis
HLA-DR3 or DR4 Diabetes mellitus type I, RA, SLE
Holosystolic murmur VSD, tricuspid regurg, mitral regurg
Hypercoagulability, endothelial damage, blood stasis Virchow's triad (venus thrombosis)
Secondary Hypertension Renal Disease
Hypoparathyroidism thyroidectomy
Hypopituitarism adenoma
infection in blood transfusion Hep C
Kidney stones Calcium = radiopaque; struvite (ammonium) = radiopaque (Proteus or Staph); ruic acid = radiolucent
Late cyanotic shunt (uncorrected L to R becomes R to L) Eisenmenger's syndrome 9caused by ASD, VSD, PDA)
Liver disease alcoholic liver disease
Lysosomal storage disease Gaucher's disease
male cancer prostatic carcinoma
malignancy associated with noninfectious fever Hodgkin's Lymphoma
malignant skin tumor basal cell carcinoma (rarely metastasizes)
mental retardation Down syndrome or fragile X
mets to bone breast, lung, thyroid, testes, prostate, kidney
mets to brain lung, breAST, SKIN, KIDNEY, gi
METS TO LIVER Colon, gastric, pancreatic, breast, and lung
mitral valve stenosis rheumatic heart disease
motor neuron disease ALS
myocarditis Coxsackie B
Neoplasm (KIDS) ALL or cerebellar medlloblastoma
Nephrotic syndrome (adults) membranous glomerulonephritis
Created by: tjamrose