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HEMOTOLOGY

CCRN

QuestionAnswerRational
AIDS-related complex (ARC) A phase of infection with HIV
Pneumonia The major cause of death in AIDS Usually caused by the protozoa Pneumocystis carinii or cytomegalovirus (CMV)
KAPOSI'S sarcoma and Lymphoma Common cancers of AIDS
(ELISA) ENZYME-LINKED IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAY SCREENING TESTS FOR AIDS USUALLY IT TAKES 4 -12 WEEKS SINCE INFECTION FOR A POSITIVE TEST.
Western blot test screening tests for AIDS
HAART regime (highly active antiretroviral therapy) It combines three or more anti-HIV medications in a daily dosing program.
Nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) These drugs are used to prevent healthy T cells in the body from becoming infected with HIV. When HIV uses an NRTI instead of a normal building block, reproduction of the virus is stalled.
Nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) These drugs attache themselves to reverse transcriptase and prevent the enzyme from converting RNA to DNA. The genetic material of HIV cannot be incorporated into the healthy genetic material of the cell.
Protease inhibitors (PIs) These inhibitors are designed to attack HIV by blocking an enzyme crucial to the virus's reproduction. It cripples the virus's ablility to replicate itself.
Fusion inhibitors These drugs work by blocking HIV entry into the cells. The newest class of drugs; ENFUVIRTIDE.
Hodgkin's Disease A chronic, progressive neoplastic disorder of unknown cause. Characterized by enlargement of lymph glands, spleen, and liver.
Leukemia A group of malignancies caused by abnormal reproduction of white blood cells. The useless, immature cells called blasts.
Acute lymphocytic Leukemia The most common type of leukemia under age of 19 It is the infiltration and accumulation of immature lymphoblasts.
MULTIPLE MYELOMA A neoplasm of the bone marrow that is rapidly fatal. 1. Pt. present with backache and bone pain.2. diruption of erythrocytes, leukocytes and thrombocytes. 3. Urine contains Bence Jones protein.
1 unit of PRBC should increase Hgb and Hct by how much? hemoglobin by 1g/DL and hematocrit by 3%
AIDS Infectious disease caused by human T-cell lymphotrophic Type III virus. The AIDS virus zeros in on certain T lymphocytes and breads down the immunity
Created by: nerdismart