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GRCC PN132 test1

GRCC PN132 Diverticulitis/Diverticulosis

QuestionAnswer
CONDITION CHARACTERIZED BY SMALL POUCHES IN THE INTESTINAL WALL Diverticula
Where are diverticula commonly located? Sigmoid colon
Diverticulosis Characterized as a disease, it is the presence of diverticula and is usually asymptomatic.
Diverticulitis Characterized as infection or inflammation
What are causes of diverticula? Related to food, alcohol, chronic constipation. Person with this condition has decrease fiber in their diet.
DISEASE IS MOST PREVALENT IN INDUSTRIALIZED POPULATIONS THAT CONSUME DIETS LOW IN FIBER AND HIGH IN REFINED CHOs. Diverticulosis
IS INFLAMMATION OF THE DIVERTICULI DIVERTICULITIS
When does infection (diverticulitis) occur? When undigested food gets trapped in the diverticulum and it's blood supply becomes impaired allowing bacterial invasion.
What is a common manifestation of diverticulitis. Pain.
Where is pain commonly located with patients with diverticulitis? left sided and may be mild to severe and either steady or cramping.
Constipation, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and low-grade fever may occur Pt with diverticulitis may have these symptoms.
Hemorrhage, peritonitis, abscess or fistula formation, and bowel obstruction. Complications of diverticulitis
What are nurses main role for treating pt with diverticulitis? Education- emphasizing the importance of high fiber diets.
pts with acute diverticulitis nurse to teach food and liquid limitations, why fiber is limited during acute inflammation but increased for chronic mgmt.
Change in bowel habits clinical manifestation for diverticulitis
Constipation, diarrhea or both clinical manifestation for diverticulitis
Rectal bleeding- hemoroids, colon cancer clinical manifestation for diverticulitis
Pain in the left lower abdomen- this is where sigmoid is located. clinical manifestation for diverticulitis
Nausea and vomiting clinical manifestation for diverticulitis
Diverticulitis is common in which age group? Over 50 yrs of age over 40 yrs of age if obese
Deficient fluid volume Nursing Dgx of diverticulitis
Acute pain Nursing Dgx of diverticulitis
Risk for infection Nursing Dgx of diverticulitis
Provide fluids as ordered nursing interventions in treating diverticulitis (probably will have NG tube)
Monitor I & O nursing interventions in treating diverticulitis
Give anti-emetics as ordered for N & V nursing interventions in treating diverticulitis
Assess for signs of perforation which are fever, distention and rigidity. This is a nursing interventions in treating diverticulitis
Education on diverticulosis, diet and treatment nursing interventions in treating diverticulitis
Diverticuli can cause obstruction and feels boardlike
What meds can be administered for nausea? Fenogran or Zophran. Can give fengran between zophran dosages.
Pt should be on high residue (high bulk, high fiber, high roughage) without spicy foods Management and treatment of diverticulitis
Pt can take stool softners Management and treatment of diverticulitis
Pt can be given analgesics for pain but NO Morphine sulfate (MSO4) Management and treatment of diverticulitis
Client will probably be given antibiotics Management and treatment of diverticulitis
Client should be advised to exercise more. Management and treatment of diverticulitis
DURING ACUTE INFLAMMATION, THE PATIENT IS PLACED ON BEDREST and NPO ordered. Management and treatment of diverticulitis
NASO-GASTRIC SUCTION MAY BE ORDERED Management and treatment of diverticulitis
Created by: Wends1984