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WVSOM FA -- 12

WVSOM -- First Aid Key Associations Page 2

QuestionAnswer
Cerebellar tonsillar herniation Arnold- chiari malformation (often causes hydrocephalus)
Chronic arrhythmia atrial fibrillation (associated with high risk of emboli)
Chronic atrophic gastritis (autoimmune) predisposition to gastric carcinoma (can also cause pernicious anemia)
Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina DES exposure in utero
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia 21-hydroxylase deficiency
Congenital cardiac anomaly VSD
Congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemias (black liver) Dubin-Johnson syndrome (inability of hepatoocytes to secrete conjugated bilirubin into bile)
Constrictive pericarditis in developing world tuberculosis
Coronary artery involved in thrombosis LAD>RCA>LCA
Cretinism iodine deficit/hypothyroidism
Cushing’s syndrome 1. Corticosteroid therapy 2. Excess ACTH secretion by pituitary
Cyanosis (early;less common) tetralogy of fallot, transposition of great vessels, truncus arteriosus
Cyanosis (late; more common) VSD, ASD, PDA
Death in CML blast crisis
Death in SLE Lupus nephropathy
Dementia 1. Alzheimer’s disease 2. Multiple infarcts
Demyelinating disease Multiple sclerosis
DIC gram-negative sepsis, obstetric complications, cancer, burn trauma
Dietary deficit iron
Diverticulum in pharynx Zenker’s diverticulum (diagnosed by barium swallow)
Ejection click aortic/pulmonic stenosis
Esophageal cancer squamous cell carcinoma
Food poisoning S. aureus
Gene involved in cancer p53 tumor suppressor gene
Glomerulonephritis (adults) Berger’s Disease (IgA nephropathy)
Gynecologic malignancy endometrial carcinoma
Heart murmur mitral valve prolapsed
Heart valve in bacterial endocarditis mitral (rheumatic fever), tricuspid (IV drug abuse), aortic (2nd affected in rheumatic fever)
Helmith infection (US) 1. Enterobius vermicularis 2. Ascaris lumbricoides
Created by: tjamrose