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WVSOM FA -- 11

WVSOM -- First Aid Key Associations Page 1

QuestionAnswer
Actinic (solar) keratosis squamous cell carcinoma
Acute gastric ulcer associated with CNS injury Cushings ulcer (increased ICP stimulates vagal gastric secretion)
Acute gastric ulcer associated with severe burns curling’s ulcer (greatly reduced plasma volume results in sloughing of gastric mucosa)
Alternating areas of transmural inflammation and normal colon skip lesions (Crohn’s disease: autoimmune)
Aneurysm, dissecting HTN
Aortic aneurysm, abdominal and descending aorta atherosclerosis
Aortic aneurysm, ascending Tertiary syphilis
Atrophy of the mammillary bodies Wernicke’s encephalopathy (thiamine deficiency causing ataxia, ophthalmoplegia, and confusion)
Autosplenectomy (fibrosis and shrinkage) sickle cell anemia (HbS)
Bacteremia/pneumonia (IV drug user) S. aureus
Bacteria associated with stomach cancer H. pylori
Bacterial meningitis (adults and elderly) S. pneumoniae
Bacterial meningitis (newborns and kids) Group B streptococcus (newborns), S. pneumoniae/N. meningitides (kids)
Benign melanocytic nevus spitz nevus (most common in first two decades)
Bleeding disorder with GpIb deficiency Bernard-soulier disease (defect in platelet adhesion)
Brain tumor (adults) supratentorial: mets > astrocytoma (including glioblastoma multiforme) > meningioma > schwannoma
Brain tumor (kids) infratentorial: medulloblastoma (cerebellum) or supratentorial: craniopharyngioma (cerebrum)
Breast Cancer infiltrating ductal carcinoma (in th US, 1 in 9 women will develop breast CA)
Breast mass 1. Fibrocystic change 2. Carcinoma (post menopausal)
Breast tumor (benign) fibroadenmoa
Bug in debilitated, hospitalized pneumonia patient Klebsiella
Cardiac primary tumor (kids) rhabdomyoma
Cardiac manifestation of lupus libman-sacks endocarditis (nonbacterial, affecting mitral)
Cardiac tumor (adults) 1. Metastasis 2. Primary myxoma 94:1 left to right atrium
Cardiomyopathy dilated cardiomyopathy (40% are familial)
Created by: tjamrose