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Literary Terms

Setting Time and place of a story
Plot The introduction, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution of a story
Characters The people or animals in a story
Protagonist The main character in a story
Antagonist Characters or forces that are working against the protagonist in a story
Conflict The problem in a story. Can be man versus man, man versus nature, man versus society, or man versus himself
Theme The message the author wants you to take away from the story
Concrete Poetry poetry that has a shape that matches the meaning of the poem or a word in a poem (a poem about skateboards that is shaped like a skateboard)
Dialogue a conversation between characters
Fiction an invented story
Figurative Language words used to give meaning, but the meaning is not to be taken literally (ex: simile, metaphor, personification)
Simile a comparison of two unlike things, using the words "like" or "as"
Metaphor a comparison of two things, saying that one thing IS the other thing (her smile . . . )
Personification giving human-like abilities or qualities to somthing that is not human
Flashback the return to an event that happened before the present situation in a story
Foreshadowing a hint of what is going to happen in a story
Imagery the use of vivid descriptions to create pictures or images in the reader's mind. Focuses on the 5 senses
Mood the general feeling that an author creates in a story. Mood is created largely through descriptions and setting (It was a dark and stormy night . . .)
Narrator the teller of a story
First Person Point of View a character in the story is the narrator.
Third Person Limited Omniscient Point of View The narrator is not a character in the story, but knows the thoughts and feelings of one character in the story.
Third Person Omniscient Point of View the narrator is all-knowing; knows the thoughts and feelings of every character in the story
Nonfiction writing about real people and factual events
Onomatopoeia a word that sounds like the thing it is describing (zip); sound effects (crash); animal sounds (oink)
Personal Narrative a true story about a person's life told in first person
Poetry literature that uses language choses for its sound and for its abilty to express and evoke emotion; uses the white space on the page differently than prose
Prose Ordinary form of written language
Repetition words, phrases, or sentences that are used over and over again
Rhyme two or more words that have endings that sound the same
End Rhyme rhyme that occurs at the end of lines of poetry
Internal Rhyme rhyme that occurs within a single line of poetry
Rhythm a regular repeated pattern of sounds in poetry or in music
Stanza a group of two or more lines a poem that printed as a unit
Symbol something that has meaning in itself, but also stands for something else. Ex: a heart stands for love
Flat Character a character that has a single trait (Crush)
Round Character a character that is well developed; the reader feels as though he/she knows much about that character (Nemo)
Static Character a character that does not change in the story
Dynamic Character a character that goes through a meaningful change in a story
Hyperbole an extreme exaggeration
Bandwagon a form of propaganda; everyone is doing it, you should too
Testimonial a form of propaganda; a famous person tries to persuade you to believe as he/she does
Idiom Example: It's raining cats and dogs.
Connotation the emotional meaning associated with a word
Denotation the dictionary definition of a word
Euphemism a word or phrase that is thought to be more socially acceptable than another word or phrase (Ex: "passed on" instead of "dead")
Alliteration the repeated initial sound in two or more words
Omniscient all-knowing
Created by: shaughnessy
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