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AP Gov

THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT COURT CASES (12 of 30)

QuestionAnswer
Ruled that the Bill of Rights cannot be applied to the states. BARRON V. BALTIMORE (1833)
Established precedent for the doctrine of selective incorporation, thus extending most of the requirements of the Bill of Rights to the states. GITLOW V. NEW YORK (1925)
1.Established the exclusionary rule in federal cases.2. Prohbited evidence obtained by illegal searches and seizures from being admitted in court. WEEKS V. UNITED STATES (1914)
1. Extended the exclusionary rule to the states.2.Illustrated the process of slective incorporation through the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. MAPP V. OHIO (1961)
1.Ruled the 6th Amendment right to counsel provision applies to those accused of major crimes under state laws.2.Illustrated the process of incorporation which the 6th Amendment was applied to the states due to Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment. GIDEON V. WAINWRIGHT (1963)
1.Ruled that the police must inform criminal suspects of their constitional rights before questioning suspects after arrest.2.Required polic to read Miranda rules to criminal suspects. MIRANDA V. ARIZONA (1966)
1.Ruled that African Americans were not citizens and therefore could not petition the Supreme Court.2.Overturned by the Fourteenth Amendment DRED SCOTT V. SANDFORD (1857)
1.Upheld Jim Crow segregation by approving "seperate but equal" public facilities for African Americans. PLESSY V. FERGUSION (1896)
1.Ruled that racially segregated schools violated the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment.2.Reversed the principle of "seperate but equal" established in Pless v. Ferguson BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION OF TOPEKA (1954)
1.Ordered the Medical School-University of CA at Davis to admit Bakke.2.Ruled that the medical schools strict quota system denied Bakke the equal proection guaranteed by 14th Amendment3.Ruled that race could not be used a one factor among others REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA V. BAKKE (1978)
1.Upheld the affirmative action policy of the University of Michigan Law School2.Upheld the Bakke ruling that race could be a consideration in admissions policy but that quotas are illegal. GRUTTER V. BOLINGER (2003)
Created by: devin12