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AP Gov


A primary in which voters are required to identify a party prefernce before the election and are not alloowed to split their ticket. CLOSED PRIMARY
The recent pattern of states holding primaries early in order to maximize their media attentiona dn political influence. Three-fourths of the presidential primaries are now held between February and mid-March. FRONTLOADING
Contributions to political parties for party-building activities. The contributions are used to circumvent limits on hard money. SOFT MONEY
A tax exempt organization created to influence the political process, these groups are not regulated by the Federal Election Commission because they do not coordinate their activities with a candidate or party. 527 GROUP
The president's constitutional power to reject a bill passed by Congress. Congress may override this with a two-thirds vote in each chamber. VETO
The power to veto specific dollar amounts or line items from major congressional spending bills. The Supereme Court struck down this power as an uncontitutional expansion of the president's veto power. LINE-ITEM VETO
A pact between the president and a head of a foreign state. These agreements do not have to be approved by the senate. However, unlike treaties, these agreements are not part of U.S. law and are not binding on future presidents. EXECUTIVE AGREEMENT
The president's power to refuse to disclosed confidential information. In US v. Nixon (1974), the Supreme Court ruled that there is no constitutional guaranteed of this unqualified privilege. EXECUTIVE PRIVILEGE
The period of time in which the president's terms is about to come to an end. Presidents usually have less influence during this period. LAME DUCK PERIOD
A large, complex organization of appointed officials. BUREAUCRACY
An alliance among an administrative agency, an interest group and a congressional committee. Each member of this provides key services, information or policy for others. IRON TRIANGLE
The includes policy experts, media pundits, congressional staff members and interest groups who regularly debate an issue. ISSUE NETWORK
A set of issues and problems that policy makers consider important. The mass media play an important role in influencing the issues which receive public attention. POLICY AGENDA
Created by: devin12