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Medic11 Drugs

QuestionAnswer
ADENOSINE (ADENOCARD)Antidysrhythmic Adenosine can "chemically cardiovert" PSVT to a normal SR. Half-life of 10sec. Does not cause hypotension
ADENOSINE (ADENOCARD) AntidysrhythmicIndications, Contraindications Indications - narrow, complex paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia refractory to vagal maneuversContra - 2nd and 3rd degree heart block, sinus node disease, asthma
ADENOSINE (ADENOCARD)AntidysrhythmicPrecautions, Dosage/Route Precautions - may cause transient dysrhythmias, asystole, COPDDosage/Route - 6mg rapidly IV then flush w/ NS. Ineffective 12mg in 1-2mins, may be repeated
ALBUTEROL (PROVENTIL/VENTOLIN) Sympathomimetic Bronchodilator Albuterol is a synthetic sympathomimetic that causes bronchodilation with less cardiac effect than epinephrine & reduces mucus secretion, pulmonary capillary leaking, and edema in the lungs during allergic reactions
ALBUTEROL (PROVENTIL/VENTOLIN)Sympathomimetic BronchodilatorIndications, Contraindications Indications - Bronchospasm and asthma in COPDContra - Hypersensitivity
ALBUTEROL (PROVENTIL/VENTOLIN) Sympathomimetic BronchodilatorPrecautions, Dosage/Route Precautions - tachy, anxiety, nausea, cough, wheezing, and/or dizzinessDosage/Route - 2.5mg in 2-3mL NS via neb. Repeat as needed. Duration effect is 3-6hrs
ASPIRIN (ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID)Analgesic, Antipyretic, Platelet Inhibitor, Anti-inflammatory Aspirin inhibits agents that cause the production of inflammation, pain and fever. Relieves mild to moderate pain by acting on the peripheral nervous system, lowers body temp in fever, and powerfully inhibits platelet aggregation.
ASPIRIN (ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID)Analgesic, Antipyretic, Platelet Inhibitor, Anti-inflammatoryIndications/Contraindications Indications - Chest pain suggestive of an MIContra - hypersensitivity to salicylates, active ulcer disease, asthma
ASPIRIN (ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID)Analgesic, Antipyretic, Platelet Inhibitor, Anti-inflammatoryPrecautions, Dosage/Route Precautions - bleeding disordersDosage/Route - 160-325mg PO chewable
ATROPINEParasympatholytic Atropine blocks the parasympathetic nervous system, specifically the vagal effects on the heart rate. May increase myocardial oxygen demand. Decreases airway secretions.
ATROPINEParasympatholyticIndications, Contra Indications - Hemodynamically significant bradycardia, bradyasystolic arrest, organophosphate poisoningContra - none in emergency. 2nd degree type 2 and above heart blocks are class 2B
ATROPINEParasympatholyticPrecautions, Dosage/Route Precautions - AMI, glaucomaDosage/Route - Symptomatic Bradycardia: 0.5mg IV/1mg ET. Repeat 3-5 min to 3mgAsystole: 1mg IV or 2mg ETOrganophosphate poisoning: 2-5mg IV/IM/IO 10-15mins
IPRATROPIUM (ATROVENT)Anticholinergic Ipratropium is a bronchodilator used in the treatment of respiratory emergencies that causes bronchial dilation and dries respiratory tract secretions by blocking acetylcholine receptors.
IPRATROPIUM (ATROVENT)AnticholinergicIndications, Contra Indications - Bronchospasm associated with asthma, COPD, inhaled irritantsContra - Hypersensitivity, as primary treatment for acute bronchospasm
IPRATROPIUM (ATROVENT)AnticholinergicPrecautions, Dosage/Route Precautions - elderly, cardiovascular disease, hypertensionDosage/Route - 500 mcg in 2.5-3mL NS via neb2 sprays metered dose inhaler
Created by: nsquarciafico