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WVSOM FA -- 6

WVSOM -- First Aid Classic Labs/Findings Page 1

QuestionAnswer
Anticentromere antibodies Scleroderma (CREST)
Antidesmoglein (epithelial) antibodies Pemphigus vulgaris (blistering)
Anti-glomerular Basement Membrane antibodies Goodpasture’s Syndrome (glomerulonephritis and lung hemorrhage)
Antihistone antibodies Drug-induced SLE
Anti-IgG antibodies Rheumatoid Arthritis
Antimitochondrial antibodies (AMAs) 1° biliary cirrhosis (female, cholestatis, portal hypertension)
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs) Vasculitis( Wegener’s, microscopic poly angitis, glomerulonephritis)
Antinuclear antibodies (ANAs: antiSmith and anti-dsDNA) SLE (type III hypersensitivity)
Antiplatelet antibodies idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) (bleeding diathesis)
Anti-topoisomerase antibodies diffuse systemic scleroderma
Anti-transglutaminase/antigliadin antibodies celiac disease (diarrhea, distention, weight loss)
Azurophilic granular needles in leukemic blasts Auer rods 9acute myelogenous leukemia: especially the promyelocytic type)
“bamboo spine” on x-ray Ankylosing spondylitis (chronic inflammatory arthritis: HLA-B27)
Basophilic nuclear remnants in RBCs Howell-Jolly bodies (due to splenectomy or nonfunctional spleen)
Basophilic stippling of RBCs lead poisoning or sideroblastic anema
Bloody tap on LP subarachnoid hemorrhage
“boot-shaped” heart on X-ray Tetralogy of Fallot, RVH
Branching gram-positive rods with sulfur granules Actinomyces israelii
Bronchogenic apical lung tumor Pancoast’s tumor (can compress sympathetic ganglion and cause Horner’s syndrome)
“Brown” tumor of bone Hemorrhage (hemosiderin) causes borwn color of osteolytic cysts due to: 1. Hyperparathyroidism, 2. Osteitis fibrosa cystic (von Recklinghausen’s disease of bone)
Cardiomegaly with apical atrophy Chagas’ disease (trypanosome cruzi)
Cellular crescents in bowman’s capsule rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis
Chocolate cyst of ovary endometriosis (frequently involves both ovaries)
Circular grouping of dark tumor cells surrounding pale neurofibrils Homer Wright rosettes (neuroblastoma, medulloblastoma, retinoblastoma)
Colonies of mucoid Pseudomonas in lungs Cystic fibrosis (CFTR mutation in caucasisans resulting in fat-souble vitamin deficiency and mucous plugs)
Created by: tjamrose