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Myers Module 35

Contemporary Research on Personality

Trait a characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel and act as assessed by self report inventories and peer reports
Factor Analysis a statistic procedure that has been used to identify clusters of related test item
Personality Inventories a questionnaire where people respond to items designed to gauge a wide range of feelings and behaviors; used to asses selected personality traits
MN Miltiphastic Personality Inventory most widely used personality test Originally designed to identify emotional disorders, now used for many other screenings.
Empirically derived test a test developed by testing a pool of items and then selecting those that discriminate between groups
The Big Five conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, openness, extraversion- todays common currency for personality psychology
Social-cognitive perspective views behavior as influenced by the interaction between persons (and their thinking) and their social context
Reciprocal determinism the interacting influences between personality and environmental factors
Personal control our sense of controlling or controlled by our environment
External locus of control the perception of chance or outside forces beyond ones personal control determines their fate
Internal locus of control the perception that one controls ones own fate
Learned helplessness the hopelessness and passive resignation an animal or human learns when unable to avoid repeated aversive events.
Positive Psychology the scientific study of optimal human functioning; aims to discover and promote strengths and virtues that enable individuals and communities to thrive
Possible selves visions of the self you dream of becoming and the self you fear of coming
Spotlight Effect overestimating others’ noticing and evaluating our appearance, performance, and blunders (as if a spotlight were on us)
Self-Esteem feeling of high or low self worth
Self serving bias our readiness to perceive ourselves favorably
Created by: tpetrali
Popular Psychology sets




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