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Session 3 CM- ENT-1

CM- ENT-1- Anatomy

What is perichondritis infection of the earlobe
Name the 7 important landmarks of the auricle or pinna Helix, Antihelix, triangular fossa, concha, tragus, antitragus, lobule
What is the thin membrane that covers the cartilage of the ear known as perichondrium
What are the three divisions of the ear outer ear, middle ear, inner ear
What is the middle part of the tympanic membrane called at the bottom of the malleus Umbo
Name the 5 nerves that supply sensory innervation of the ear trigeminal nerve- V, facial nerve- VII, glossopharyngeal nerve- IX, vagal nerve- X, upper cervical nerves
What are the bone of the middle ear (the ossicles) malleus, incus and stapes
What is the role of the eustachian tube ear throat connection allows ear pressure to equalize to outside atmosphere especially with a yawn
what is the small cavity in the mastoid bone called that houses the organ of Corti responsible for converting mechanical energy into electrical energy of sound the cochlea
what two parts make up the inner ear the cochlea and the vestibular system.
This type of hearing loss occurs when there is a disruption of sound waves being transferred to the tympanic membrane or cochlea conductive hearing loss- can be caused by obstruction of external ear canal, fluid or effusion in the middle ear, otosclerosis, discontinuity of the ossicles (subluxation)
This type of hearing loss occurs whit deterioration of the cochlear hair cells in the organ of Corti. Sensorineural hearing loss- most common cause in adults is presbycusis or natural hearing loss as one gets older. In kids you have to think congenital, infections, or toxins
What is the name give to the small fragile arteries located on the anterior/superior portion of the nasal septum Kiesselbach plexus the most common location for epistaxis
Can you identify the following on a picture of the nose; Glabella, nasion/angle, tip, ala nasi, supr-alar crease, philtrum, columella, alar sidewall, soft tissue triangle, nostril sill, columella labial angle, alar facial groove yes or no
Name the four sinuses maxillary, ethmoid, frontal, sphenoid
what is the opening that connects a sinus to the nose called sinus ostium
taste from the anterior 2/3 of the tongue is carried through what nerve cranial nerve 5 trigeminal
taste from the posterior 2/3-1/3 of the tongue is carried by what nerve glossopharyngeal CN 9
what is the area above the soft palate and posterior to the nasal cavities called nasopharynx
what is the are below the soft palate to the hyoid bone called oropharynx
what is the area below the oropharynx to the cricoid cartilage called hypopharynx
what is the gland on the side of the jaw and anterior to the ear called, what is it called when it gets inflamed and where does it drain parotid gland, parotitis is inflammation of the parotid gland and the gland drains into the mouth through Stenson's duct
what is the gland called below and in front of the angle of the jaw that drains into the mouth via Wharton's duct adjacent to the frenulum submandibular gland
IF patient has severe throat pain, trismus, drooling and deviation of the uvula what are they most likely suffering from peritonsillar abscess
Created by: smaxsmith