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GCN N170 Electrolyte

N170 Electrolytes Study Aid

QuestionAnswer
Chloride 95-105 mEq/L
Calcium (total) 8.5-10.5 mg/dL
Magnesium 1.5-2.5 mg/dl
Glucose FBS = 80-100 normal
Potassium 3.5 – 5.0 mEq/L
Sodium 135-145 mEq/L
Signs and Symptoms of Hypokalemia Leg cramps, anorexia, n/v, decreased deep tendon reflexes
Signs and Symptoms of Hyperkalemia Diarrhea, cardiac dysrthymias, irregular pulse,
Signs and Symptoms of Hypomagnesemia Positive Chvostek and Trousseau’s signs, increased reflexes and tremors, dyssrhythmias, tachycardia
Signs and Symptoms of Hypermagnesemia n/v, hypotension, bradycardia, respiratory depression, muscle weakness & paralysis
Signs and Symptoms of Hyponatremia Lethargy, confusion, abdominal cramps, anorexia
Causes of Hyponatremia Causes = (loss of sodium)GI loss, Hypotonic TF, excess IV D5W
Causes of Hypernatremia Causes: (loss of water) diarrhea, IV saline, inadequate H20) with TF
Signs and Symptoms of Hypernatremia Thirst, dry mucus membranes, weaknessSevere = disorientation and decreased level of consciousness
Signs and Symptoms of Hypercalcemia Nausea and vomitingLoss of appetiteExcessive thirstConstipationAbdominal painMuscle weaknessMuscle and joint achesConfusionLethargy and fatigue
Signs and Symptoms of Hypocalcemia SeizuresPositive Chvostek's sign & Trousseau's sign tremors
Created by: mmaze