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P&P for final

POLS P&P for final exam

QuestionAnswer
The Bureaucracy arises out of politics, and its design reflects the interests, strategies, and compromises of those who exercise political power. Terry M. Moe
When citizens choos candidates in elections, they pay attention to such things as party or image or stands on policy. Terry M. Moe
Organized interest groups are active, informed participants in their specialized issue areas. Terry M. Moe
Structural politics is interest group polictics Terry M. Moe
Structural politics pay attention to interest groups Terry M. Moe
Experts in a political group do what the group is unable to do for itself. Terry M. Moe
The groups select those with the desired programs, place them in a structure designed to accommodate them, and turn them loose to exercise free choice. Terry M. Moe
Terry M. Moe says there are various structural means by which the group can try to protect and nutture its bureaucratic agents: (1) 1) it can write detailed legislation that imposes rigid contraints on the agency's mandate and decision procedures.
Terry M. Moe says there are various structural means by which the group can try to protect and nutture its bureaucratic agents: (2) 2) it can place even greater emphasis on professionalism than is technically justified, since professionals will generally act to protect their own autonomy and resist political interference.
Terry M. Moe says there are various structural means by which the group can try to protect and nutture its bureaucratic agents: (3) 3) It can oppose formal provisions that enhance political oversight and involvement.
Terry M. Moe says there are various structural means by which the group can try to protect and nutture its bureaucratic agents: (4) 4) It can see that the agency is given a safe location in the scheme of government.
Terry M. Moe says there are various structural means by which the group can try to protect and nutture its bureaucratic agents: (5) 5) It can favor judicialization of agency decision making as a way of insulation policy choices from outside interference.
The group has to protect itself and its agency from the dangers of democracy, by imposing structures that appear strange and incongruous indeed when judged by almost any reasonable standards of what an effective organization ought to look like Terry M. Moe
All presidents regardless of party, are expected to govern effectively and are held responsible for taking action on virtually the full range of problems facing society. Terry M. Moe`
Presidents must appear to be strong leaders Terry M. Moe
Terry M. Moe says there are two basic problems for interest groups. They are 1) presidents are not very susceptible to the appeals of special interests. 2) presidents want to control the bureaucracy.
Terry M. Moe believe taht they only participants who are directly concerned with how the bureaucracy as a whole should be orgainized is: presidents
Terry M. Moe says there are two basic types of bureaucratic players: political appointees and careerists (Careerists are the pure bureaucrats)
Believes that every president seeks to influence policy by controlling the desicions of executive agencies and their personnel. Paul Singer
"A president cannot wave a wand and wipe prior policym as implemented by duly enacted statutes, off the books" Rena Steinzor
"The bush administration is politicizing and terrorizing the bureaucracy and turning it 180 degrees. Rena Steinzor
said that many presidents have tried to reshape the federal bureaucracy to their liking. Paul Singer
"Its about working things better, its not about controlling. The thing that we impose more of than anything else is clarity-- clarity of purpose. We want to have a real clear def of what success is Clay Johnson
"goal is to have an impact on health not control over the organization" Gerberding
"we all know that performance is in the eyes of the beholder no matter what you say about wanting to have many numerical indicators and so forth" Carol Bonosaro
"Its all about putting more power in the hands of the appointees and making it easier to downgrade, get rid of, use the rules as a weapon against employees who are not in lockstep with you." Mark Roth
IGs are for positive change Paul Singer
"There is nothing wrong with more centralized review, guidance, and oversight. It is after all a president-singular- who is the head of the executive branch. Sally Katzen
The problems we face are often highly technical or otherwise highly complicated, and those who serve in white house or OMB do not have all the answers. Sally Katzen
You do not entirely change your focus every time a pres is elected because it is not the job of the pres to pass the laws. It is the job of the pres to execute the laws Roth
measurements developed by the ends ad advertising industries to confirm that consumption of news, especially print media- has been steadily declining over the past two decades Scott L Althaus
important events occur, the public ratchets up its new consumption, benefittig some news media more than others Scott L Althaus
(Althaus): the health of a democracy rests on the vigilance of its citizens
daily news audience for network news broadcasts is much larger than any other daily broadcast or cable news audience in the U.S. but influenced more by state of security than by weather Scott L Althaus
Reading Newspapers is relatively more habit-driven than watching television news Scott L Althaus
Radio is another habit Scott L Althaus
Online news sites are growing in popularity less is known which news sites are attracting audiences and what kinds of news stories those audiences are seeking online. Scott L Althaus
Changes in regulation also affected the extent and kind of info provided james t Hamilton
Change in ownership of news media outlets affect content james t Hamilton
Chain ownership’s primary documented affects are negative. However the findings seem tepid, hardly motivating any strong critique of chain ownership or prompting any significant policy interventions. Edwin baker
Although network anchors deliver the news, they are rewarded in the market-place for delivering viewers to advertisers. james t Hamilton
The expanding opportunities for individuals to consume media products has meant declining market shares for most traditional news media outlets James T Hamilton
The multiplication of news outlets on cable and the Internet means also that an individual is more likely today than in the 1970s or 1980s to find a news outlet closer to his or her ideal news source. James T Hamilton
Washington will know how that govt is growing and what it means, and they will be learning it through new media channels. Their fellow citizens who rely on local or network television or their daily newspapers, however will be harder pressed to learn what their elected representatives are doing..
measurements developed by the ends ad advertising industries to confirm that consumption of news, especially print media- has been steadily declining over the past two decades Scott L Althaus
important events occur, the public ratchets up its new consumption, benefittig some news media more than others Scott L Althaus
(Althaus): the health of a democracy rests on the vigilance of its citizens
daily news audience for network news broadcasts is much larger than any other daily broadcast or cable news audience in the U.S. but influenced more by state of security than by weather Scott L Althaus
Reading Newspapers is relatively more habit-driven than watching television news Scott L Althaus
Radio is another habit Scott L Althaus
Online news sites are growing in popularity less is known which news sites are attracting audiences and what kinds of news stories those audiences are seeking online. Scott L Althaus
The more we learn about politics the closer our political preferences should come to resemble our political interests and the greater the chance that our votes and voices will properly reward our political leaders Scott L Althaus
The less attention the public routinely pays to the news, the greater the chance that voters will get it wrong on election day, scott L athaus
Created by: fall2011