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WVSOM FA -- 2

WVSOM -- First Aid Classic Presentations Page 2

QuestionAnswer
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy wet beriberi (thiamine [vitamin B1] deficiency)
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection Pasteurella multocida
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis sjogren’s syndrome (autoimmune destruction of exocrine glands)
Dysphagia (esophageal webs), glossitis, iron deficiency anemia Plummer-Vinson syndrome (may progress to esophageal squamous cell carcinoma)
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints Ehlers-Danols syndrome 9collagen defect)
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node virchow’s node (abdominal metastasis)
Erythroderma, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, atypical T cells Sezary syndrome (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma) or mycosis fungoides
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping Chvostek’s sign (hypocalcemia)
Fat, female, forty, and fertile acute cholecystitis
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic treatment for syphallis Jarisch-herxheimer reaction (rapid lysis of spirochetes results in toxin release)
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash Measles (morbillivirus)
Fever, night sweats, weight loss B symptoms (lymphomas)
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of the penis peyronie’s disease (CT disorder)
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilation in a boy Lexch-Nyhan syndrome (HGPRT deficiency)
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea Kayer-Fleischer rings (copper accumulation from Wilson’s disease)
Hamartomatous Gi polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome (genetic benign polyposis can cuase bowel obstruction, ↑cancer risk)
Hepatosplenomegaly, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms gaucher’s disease (glucocerebrosidase deficiency)
Heredity nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts Alports syndrome (collagen mutation)
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis) trousseau’s sign (adenocarcinoma of pancreas or lungs)
Hypertension, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis Conn’s Syndrome (primary hyperaldosteronism); actually says metabolic acidosis in book but is a misprint. Verified from textbook as well as Qbank.
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia “blue boater” (chronic bronchitis: hyperplasia of mucous cells)
Indurated, ulcerated genital lesions (nonpainful) chancre (primary syphilis)
Infant with failure to thrive, hepatosplenomegaly, neurodgeneration Neimann-Pick disease (genetic sphingomyelinase deficiency)
Created by: tjamrose