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WVSOM -- First Aid Classic Presentations Page 1

Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly budd-chiari syndrome (post hepatic venous thromobosis)
Achilles tendon xanthoma familial hypercholesterolemia
Adrenal hemorrhage, Hypotension, DIC Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome (meningococcemia)
Arachnodactlyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissextion, hyperflexible joints Marfan’s Syndrome
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight less Pott’s disese (vertebral tuberculosis)
Big toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape babinski’s sign (UMN lesion)
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis sarcoidosis (noncaseating granulomas)
Blue sclera osteogeneisis imperfect (collagen defect)
Bluish line on gingival burton’s line (lead poisoning)
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis paget’s disease of bone (↑ osteoblastic and clastic activity)
Café-au-lait spots, lisch nodules (iris hamartoma) Neurofibromatosis type I (+bilateral acoustic neuromas = type II)
Calf pseudohypertrophy muscular dystrophy (most commonly duchenne’s)
“cherry-red spot” on macula tay-sachs (ganglioside accumulation) or Neimann-Pick (lysosomal storage disease)
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI Dressler’s syndrome (autoimmune-mediated post MI fibrinous pericarditis)
Child uses arms to stand up from squat Gower’s sign (duchenne muscular dystrophy: x-linked recessive deleted dystrophin gne)
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body “slapped cheeks” (erythema infectiosum/fifth desase: parvovirus B19)
Chorea, dementia, caudate degeneration huntington’s disease (autosomal-dominant CAG repeat expansion)
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps McArdle’s disease (muscle phosphorylase deficiency)
Cold intolerance hypothyroidism
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia internuclear ophthalmoplegia (damage to MLF
Continuous “machinery” heart murmur PDA (close with indomethacin
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition myxedema (hypothyroidism, Grave’s Disease)
Dark purple skin/mouth Nodules Kaposi’s sarcoma (usually AIDS patients[gay men]: associated with HHV-8)
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation kussmaul breathing (diabetic ketoacidosis)
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea pellagra (niacin [vitamin B3] deficiency)
Created by: tjamrose



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