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The Individual

Vocabulary Topic One

ChinesePinyinEnglish
性别 xingbie gender
年龄 nianling age
出生 chusheng be born
日期 riqi date
地点 didian place, site
国际 guoji nationality
职业 zhiye occupation, profession
工作单位 gongzuo danwei place of work
住址 zhuzhi address
guo country
sheng province
shi city
qu area, region, zone, district
jie street
lu road
hao number in a series
胡同 hutong lane, alley, bystreet
城市 chengshi city
郊区 jiaoqu suburban
农村 nongcun rural area, countryside
xian county
xiang township of rural
cun village
大家 dajia all people, everybody
男人 nanren men, menfolk
女人 nuren woman
小孩儿 xiaohair child, little child
大人 daren adult
青年 qingnian youth, young people
年轻人 nianqingren young people, youth
中年人 zhongnianren people of in middle age
老年人 laonianren old people, the aged
南方人 nanfangren Southerner, people from south part of a country
北方人 beifangren Northerner, people from north part of a country
东方人 dongfangren Oriental, Eastern person
西方人 xifangren Western person
外国人 waiguoren foreigner
朋友 pengyou friend
同学 tongxue friend
同事 tongshi colleague, cowork
亲戚 qinqi relative
病人 bingren patients, sick person
亚洲 Yazhou Asia, Asian
中国 Zhongguo China
日本 Riben Japan
韩国 Hanguo South Korea
新加坡 Xinjiapo Singapore
泰国 taiguo Thailand
马来西亚 Malaixiya Malaysia
菲律宾 Feilubin Philippines
以色列 yiselie Israel
美洲 meizhou the America
美国 meiguo United States of America, USA
加拿大 jianada Canada
智利 zhili Chile
阿根廷 Algenting Argentina
巴西 baxi Brazil
欧洲 ouzhou Europe, European
英国 yingguo England, Britain, UK
法国 faguo France
挪威 nuowei Norway
丹麦 danmai Denmark
芬兰 fenlan Finland
荷兰 helan Holland
西班牙 xibanya Spain
意大利 yidali Italy
瑞典 ruidian Sweden
非洲 feizhou Africa
南非 nanfei South Africa
澳洲 aozhou Australia
澳大利亚 aodaliya Australia
新西兰 xinxilan New Zealand
家庭 jiating family
父亲 fuqin father
母亲 muqin mother
爸爸 baba dad, pa
妈妈 mama mamma, ma, mum
哥哥 gege elder brother
姐姐 jiejie elder sister, older sister
弟弟 didi younger brother
妹妹 meimei younger sister
兄弟姐妹 xiongdijiemei siblings
爷爷 yeye grandpa, respectfully address for an elderly man
奶奶 nainai grandma, respectfully address for an elderly man
伯伯 bobo uncle, father's elder brother
叔叔 shushu father's younger brother, uncle
姑姑 gugu father's sister, aunt
堂哥 tangge older male cousin of a same surname
堂姐 tangjie older female cousin of a same surname
外公 waigong maternal grandfather
姥爷 laoye maternal grandpa
外婆 waipo maternal grandmother
姥姥 laolao maternal grandma
舅舅 jiujiu mother's brother, maternal uncle
yi mother's sister, aunt
表弟 biaodi younger male cousin of a different surname
表妹 biaomei younger female cousin with a different surname
孩子 haizi child
儿子 erzi son
女儿 nuer daughter
丈夫 zhangfu husband
妻子 qizi wife
先生 xiansheng one's husband, Mr.
太太 taitai wife, Mrs., Madam
生曰 shengyue birthday
结婚 jiehun marry, get married
离婚 lihun divorce
问候 wenhou send one's regards to, greeting
你好 nihao How are you?, Hellow
再见 zaijian goodbye, bye-bye
谢谢 xiexie Thanks, thank you
不用谢 buyongxie not at all, you are welcome
不客气 bukeqi you are welcome, not at all
别客气 biekeqi you are welcome, not at all
对不起 duibuqi I'm sorry, sorry, excuse me
没关系 meiguanxi It doesn't matter, never mind
打扰 darao disturb
打扰一下 daraoyixia excuse me, can you help me...
请问 qingwen excuse me, may I ask..
贵姓 guixing (what is) your surname?
名字 mingzi name or given name
jiao name, call
什么 shenme what
多大 duoda how old
shu any of the twelve anumals symbolizing the year in which one is born
身体 shenti body
最近 zuijin recently
好吗 haoma How are you?
一般 yiban so-so, general
怎么样 zenmeyang how about, what about
不错 bucuo not bad, pretty good
还可以 huaikeyi Ok, yes, pretty good
介绍 jieshao introduce, introduction
认识 renshi know, be acquainted with (a person), recognize
一下儿 yixiar (measure for action)
介绍一下 jieshao yixia Let's introduce ourselves
认识一下 renshi yixia Let's get to know each other
欢迎 huanying welcome, greet, favorably
祝贺 zhuhe congratulate, congratulation
外貌 waigmao (of a person) facial features, looks; appearance
he and
性格 xingge Characteristic, temperament
gao tall, high
ai short (not tall); low
pang (of a human body) fat
shou thin
bai white
hei black
huang yellow
皮肤 pifu skin
个子 gezi height
tou head, chief, boss
头发 toufa hair (on the head)
lian face
眼睛 yanjing eye
zui mouth
鼻子 bizi ear
眉毛 meimao eyebrow, brow
脖子 bozi neck
胳膊 gebo arm
yao waist
tui leg
shou hand; a person doing or good at a certain job
jiao foot
体重 tizhong (body) weight
chang (space or time) long
duan short, brief (space, time, etc.)
da big, great, old
xiao small, little
cu wide (in diameter), thick
xi thickness, narrow thing
yuan round
fang square
漂亮 piaoliang beautiful, pretty
shuai handsome
衣着 yizhuo clothing
穿 chuan wear, put on, be dressed in
衣服 yifu clothing, clothes
大衣 dayi overcoat
衬衫 chenshan shirt, blouse
西装 xizhuang Western-style clothes
休闲装 xiuxianzhuang leisure attire
T恤衫 Txushan T-shirt
雨衣 yuyi raincoat
裤子 kuzi trousers, pants
裙子 qunzi skirt
袜子 wazi socks, stockings
xie shoe
皮鞋 pixie leather shoes
运动服 yundongfu track suit
运动鞋 yundongxie sports shoes
dai wear this on the head, face, neck, chest, arm, hands etc
毛子 maozi hat, cap
手套 shoutao gloves
da tie up
领带 lingdai necktie, tie
wei enclose, encircle
围巾 weijin muffler, scarf
友好 youhao friendly
热情 reqing enthusiastic, passionate
文静 wenjing gentle and quiet
认真 renzhen earnest, careful
性子 xingzi temper
急性子 zixingzi quick-tempered, an impetuous person
慢性 mangxing slow-tempered
亲切 qinqie kind, enthusiastic and caring
健谈 jiantan be good at casual converstaion
礼貌 limao courtesy, politeness
有礼貌 youlimao polite
粗鲁 culu rude, impolite
情感 qinggan emotion, feeling
yu and, with
感觉 ganjue sense, feel, sensation
高兴 gaoxing glad, happy
快乐 kuaile happy, joyful, cheerful
愉快 yukuai happy, joyful, pleasant
生气 shengqi get angrey
伤心 shangxin sad, broken-hearted
担心 danxin worry, be worry oneself about
难过 nanguo feel sorry, feel bad
痛苦 tongku pain, suffering
满意 manyi satisfied, be satisfied, to one's satisfaction
激动 jidong be excited
紧张 jinzhang nervous, tense
放心 fangxin set one's mind at rest, feel relieved; trust somebody
苦恼 kunao distressed, worried, pitful
xiao smile, laugh
ku cry, weep
lei tired
e hungry
ke thirsty
bao have eaten one's fill, eat till full
jia family, home
住房 zhufang housing
房子 fangzi house, building
lou storied building
公寓 gongyu apartment
别墅 bieshu villa
房东 fangdong landlord or landlady, owner of a house or room
房客 fangke tenant (of a house or a room)
出租 chuzu rent out
房租 fangzu rent
房屋 fangwu houses, buildings
租房 zufang rent a house
搬家 banjia move (house)
搬到 bandao move to
房间 fangjian room
客厅 keting sitting room, living room
书房 shufang study (a room)
卧室 woshi bedroom, bedchamber
睡房 shuifang bedroom
厨房 chufang kitchen, cookroom
餐厅 canting dining-hall, dinning-room
饭厅 fanting dining-room, dining-hall
洗澡间 xizaojian bath-room
浴室 yushi bathroom, public bathhouse
卫生间 weishengjian rest-room, toilet
洗手间 xishoujian rest-room, toilet
厕所 cesuo toilet, W.C., restroom
阳台 yangtai balcony
车库 cheku garage
花园 huayuan garden
楼梯 louti stairs
楼上 loushang upstairs
楼下 louxia downstairs
qiang wall
窗户 chuanghu window, casement
men door, gate, measure work for course
大门 damen gate, (house, yard or park)
门口 menkou entrance, doorway, gate
hua flower, blossom, bloom
cao grass, straw
shu tree, plant
家具 jiaju furniture
chuang bed
沙发 shafa sofa, couch
餐桌 canzhuo dining table
书桌 shuzhuo desk, writing desk
椅子 yizi chair
茶几 chaji tea table, side table
地毯 ditan carpet, rug
家用电器 jiayongdianqi electrical home appliances
电视 dianshi television, TV
电冰箱 dianbingxiang refrigerator, fridge
微波炉 weibolu microwave
洗衣机 xiyiji washing machine
吸尘器 xichenqi vacuum
舒适 shushi comfortable, cosy
宽敞 kuanchang spacious
干净 ganjing clean, neat and tidy
邻里 linli neighborhood
邻居 linju neighbor, neighborhood
吵闹 chaonao noisy
安静 anjing quiet, peaceful, quietness
起居 qiju daily life
起床 qichuang get up
吃饭 chifan eat a meal
喝茶 hecha drink tea
刷牙 shuaya brush teeth
洗脸 xilian wash face
洗澡 xizao have or take a bath, take a shower
上厕所 shangcesuo go to the toilet
方便 fangbian convenient, go
睡觉 shuijiao go to bed, go to sleep
休息 xiuxi have (or take) a rest
理发 lifa have a haircut
上班 shangban go to work, start work
下班 xiaban knock off, get off work
上学 shangxue go to school, attend school
放学 fangxue finish classes (for the day of a school)
迟到 chidao arrive late, be late
准时 zhunshi be punctual, on time
请假 qingjia ask for leave
运动 yundong exercises, campaign
锻炼 duanlian engage in physical exercise
玩儿 waner play, play with
有时候 youshihou sometimes, now and then
星期一 xingqiyi Monday
星期天 Xingqitian Sunday
星期日 xingqiri Sunday
每天 meitian everyday
几点 jidian what time
经常 jingchang frequently, constantly, often
常常 changchang frequently, usually, often
买菜 maicai buy vegetable
洗衣 xiyi wash clothes
bai put, place, arrange
桌子 zhuozi table, desk
照顾 zhaogu look after, care for
做饭 zuofan prepare a meal
熨衣服 yunyifu iron clothes
帮忙 bangmang help, do a favor
打扫 dasao clean, sweep, broom
洗碗 xiwan wash dishes, wash bowls
清洁 qingjie clean
迎客 yingke welcome the guest
请客 qingke play the host, invite to dinner
作客 zuoke be a guest
lai come, arrive
qu go, leave
kan see, look at, watch, read, visit
串门 chuanmen drop in
送行 songxing see somebody off
迎接 yingjie meet, welcome
jie meet, pick up somebody from (school or airport etc)
song deliver, carry, give as a present, see somebody off
客人 keren visitor, guest, traveling
贺卡 heka congratulation cards, greeting cards
xin letter, mail
条子 tiaozi brief informal note, a short note
出去 chuqu go out, get out
有空 youkong free
有事 youshi be occupied or busy
kai hold a (meeting/etc)
晚会 wanhui evening party, soiree
聚会 juhui party, (of people) get together
gen with, to, from, towards
见面 jianmian meet, see
根。。。见面 gen...jianmian meet somebody
姓名 xingming family name and given name
Created by: danahellie
 

 



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