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Urinary System

Medical Terminology

QuestionAnswer
-uria urination
-emia blood condition
Ur urine
Nephr kidney
Cyst Bladder
Urethr urethra
diur output of urine
-esis abnormal condition
Noct night
Olig scanty
Ureter ureter
meat meatus
anuria complete stopping in urine formation
Uremia toxic condition - excess amount of urea in bloodstream
nephrosis disease of the kidney
nephritis inflammation of the kidney
ureterorrhagia discharge of blood from ureter
ureterostenosis narrowing of the ureter
cystalgia pain in urinary bladder
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
cystorrhagia bleeding from the bladder
urethralgia pain in the urethra
urethritis inflammation of the urethra
urethrorrhagia bleeding from the urethra
urethrorrhea abnormal discharge from the urethra
urethrostenosis abnormal narrowing of the urethra
diuresis Increase in urine output
dysuria painful or difficult to urinate
nocturia excessive urination at night
oliguria scanty urination
polyuria excessive urination
cystectomy surgical removal of all or part of the bladder
cystorrhaphy means suturing the bladder
ureterectomy surgical removal of ureters
ureteroplasty surgical repair of the ureters
meatomy incision of the urinary meatus - usually to enlarge the opening
urethroplasty surgical repair of the urethra
urethrostomy surgical creation of opening between urethra and skin
urethrotomy surgical incision into the urethra - usually for relief
Urinalysis examination of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements
Intravenous Pyelogram x-ray study of the kidneys and ureters - iodine is injected into the veins as contrast to see structures clearly
KUB - radiographic study of these structures without using contrast
kidney filters blood to remove waste products
urine liquid wast products to be excreted
ureters transports urine from kidneys to bladder
urinary bladder stores urine until it is excreted
urethra transports urine from bladder though the external meatus where it is excreted by the body
Lith stone
diasylate chemical solution used to filter blood in dializer
calcium oxalate most common type of kidney stone
struvite stones form in response to an infection
uric acid Caused from dehydration and high protein diet
risk factors for renal stones male over 40 dehydration obesity high protein, high sugar and high salt diet
types of dialysis peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis
nephron functional unit of the kidney
loop of henle concentrates the filtrate
proximal tubule tubular reabsorption occurs here in which water and nutrients are removed and sent to the blood
renal medulla area of kidney where tubules located
renal pelvis urine is sent from collecting duct before going to ureters
4 tubules in nephron proximal tubule, loop of henle, distal tubule, collecting duct
nephrolithotomy surgical incision into kidney stones
cystolith bladder stones
catheterization the process of inserting a tube into bladder in order to retrieve urine
enuresis bed wetting
oliguria scanty urination
Created by: hicksp