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IB ab initio Topic 2

Education and Work by Dana & Michelle

CharacterPinyinEnglish
教育 (jiaoyu) teach, educate, education
教师 (jiaoshi) teacher, instructor
私立 (sili) privately run
公立 (gongli) public, be established and maintained by the government
学费 (xuefei) tuition fee, tuition
学校 (xuexiao) school
年级 (nianji) grade (in school, etc.)
(ban) class, a group of students who study together
(zu) group
幼儿园 (youeryuan) kindergarten, nursery school
小学 (xiaoxue) primary school
中学 (zhongxue) middle school and high school
初中 (chuzhong) middle school
高中 (gaozhong) high school
大学 (daxue) university
学院 (xueyuan) college
男生 (nansheng) schoolboy, boy student
女生 (nusheng) girl student
小学生 (xiaoxuesheng) primary school pupil
中学生 (zhongxuesheng) middle-school and high-school student
大学生 (daxuesheng) college or university student
老师 (laoshi) teacher
班主任 (ban xhu ren) homeroom teacher
校长 (xiaozhang) headmaster, principal
家长 (jiazhang) parent or guardian of a child
设施 (sheshi) facilities
校园 (xiaoyuan) campus
教室 (jiaoshi) classroom, schoolroom
课桌 (kezhuo) desk in class
写字 (xiezi) write (characters)
(ban) board, plank, sheet, flat
会议室 (hui yi shi) meeting/conference room
实验室 (shi yanshi) lab, laboratory
图书馆 (tushuguan) library, atheneum
教学楼 (jiaoxuelou) teaching building
食堂 (shitang) cafeteria
礼堂 (litang) assembly hall, theater
布告栏 (bugaolan) bulletin board
宿舍 (sushe) dormitory
操场 (caochang) playground, sports field
体育馆 (tiyuguan) gym, stadium
游泳池 (youyongchi) swimming pool
(chang) field
篮球场 (lanqiuchang) basketball court
足球场 (zuqiuchang) soccer field
文具 (wenju) stationery
课本 (keben) textbook
(bi) pen, pencil, writing brush
毛笔 (maobi) writing brush
文具盒 (wenjuhe) pencil box
(zhi) paper
(ben) notebook
刀子 (daozi) knife
尺子 (chizi) ruler
作业本 (zuoyeben) homework exercise book
橡皮 (xiangpi) rubber, eraser
墨水 (moshui) ink
字典 (zidian) dictionary
词典 (cidian) dictionary
计算机 (jisuanji) computer
计算器 (zisuanqi) calculator
复印机 (fuyinji) print machine
地图 (ditu) map
电脑 (diannao) computer
录音机 (luyinji) tape/recording machine
开机 (kaiji) turn on a machine
国机 (guoji) turn off a machine
上网 (shangwang) to be on the internet
电子邮件 (dianziyoujian) e-mail
因特网 (yintewang) internet
传真 (chuanzhen) fax
下载 (xiazai) download
打印 (dayin) print
软件 (ruanjian) computer software, personnel credentials
存盘 (cunpan) save in a disc
硬件 (yingjian) hardware, mechanical equipment
文件 (wenjian) Official documents, file
鼠标器 (shubiaoqi) mouse of a computer
教学活动 (jiaoxuehuodong) teaching activities
科目 (kemu) school subject or course
汉语 (hanyu) Chinese language
数学 (shuxue) mathematics
物理 (wuli) physics
化学 (huaxue) chemistry
生物 (shengwu) biology
体育 (tiyu) Physical Education (PE)
音乐 (yinyue) music
美术 (meishu) art; painting
艺术 (yi shu) art
历史 (li shi) history
地理 (di li) geography
政治 (zhengzhi) politics
外语 (waiyu) foreign language
计算机科学 (ji suanjikexue) computer science
社会学 (shehuixue) sociology
天文学 (tianwenxue) astronomy
经济 (jingji) economy
法律 (falu) law
工程 (gongcheng) project, engineering
心理学 (xin lixue) Psychology
环境科学 (huanjing kexue) environment science
医学 (yixue) medical science
活动 (huadong) activity, events
课堂活动 (ketang huodong) classroom activities
提问 (ti wen) ask a question
回答 (huida) reply, answer, response
点名 (dianming) name a person (to do sth.), roll call
讨论 (taolun) discuss, discussion
小组 (xiaozu) small group
解释 (jeishi) explain, explanation
练习 (lianxi) practice, pracise
(zi) word, character
段落 (duanluo) paragraph
(ting) listen, hear
(shuo) speak
(du) ) read (aloud
(xie) write
完成 (wancheng) accomplish, complete
作业 (zuoye) school assignment or work
考试 (kaoshi) examination, test, exam
优秀 (youxiu) outstanding, excellent
及格 (ji ge) pass, pass a test, examination, etc.
补考 (bukao) make-up an examination
复习 (fuxi) review, revise
辅导 (fudao) tutor
进步 (jinbu) progress, improve, improvement
取得 (qude) get, achieve, gain, obtain
成绩 (chengji) performance, result, score, achievement
(dong) understand, know
知识 (zhishi) knowledge
知道 (zhidao) know, realise
注意 (zhuyi) pay attention
有用 (youyong) valuable, useful
有趣 (youqu) interesting, fascinating
无聊 (wuliao) boring
容易 (rongyi) easy, easily
(nan) difficult, hard
课外 (kewai) extracurricular, after school
社会实践 (shehuishijian) friend trip
服务 (fuwu) service, serving
实习 (shixi) practice, do fieldwork
参加 (canjia) participate, to take part, participation
课外活动小组 (kewai huidong xiaozu) small groups of after school activities
安排 (anpai) arrange, plan
上课 (shangke) attend class, go to class
下课 (xiake) get out of class, finish class
午休 (wuxiu) lunch break
放假 (fangjia) have or be on a holiday or vacation
开学 (kaixue) start school, begin a term, school opens
寒假 (hanjia) winter vacation
暑假 (shujia) summer vacation, summer break
学期 (xueqi) term, semester
假期 (jiaqi) vacation, holiday
期中 (qizhong) in the middle of a term
期末 (qimo) at the end of a term
运动会 (yundonghui) sports meet, track field
夏令营 (xialingying) summer camp
游览 (youlan) go sight-seeing, tour
开会 (kaihui) held or attend a meeting, have a meeting
有关 (youguan) relevant
词汇 (cihui) vocabulary
认为 (renwei) think, consider
总之 (zongzhi) in a word, in short
反对 (fandui) oppose, be against, object
相反 (xiangfan) opposite, contrary reverse
同意 (tongyi) agree
道理 (daoli) truth, principle
第一 (diyi) first
第二 (dier) the second
一方面 (yifangmian) on one side
另一方面 (lingyifangmian) on the other hand
未来 (weilai) future
打算 (dasuan) plan, intend, intention
学习 (xuexi) learn, study
注册 (zhuce) register, enroll in an organisation, institute or school
文凭 (wenping) diploma
文科 (wenke) liberal arts
理科 (like) medical course in a college
工科 (gongke) engineering course in a college
医科 (yike) medical course in a college
师范 (shifan) teacher-training major in a college
(xi) department (in a college, university)
毕业 (biye) graduate
学位 (xuewei) academic degree
学士 (xueshi) bachelor, bachelor's degree
硕士 (shuoshi) Master, MA
博士 (boshi) doctor, the highest of the academic degrees
研究 (yanjiu) study, research
工作 (gongzuo) work, job, task
退休 (tuixiu) retire, retirement
公务员 (gongwuyuan) government employee
工程师 engineer (gongchengshi)
艺术家 (yishujia) artist, longhair
医生 (yisheng) doctor
大夫 (daifu) doctor
护士 (hushi) nurse
自由职业 (ziyouzhiye) liberal professions
律师 (lushi) lawyer
会计 (kuaiji) accounting, accountant
教授 (jiaoshou) professor
科学家 (kexuejia) scientist
画家 (huajia) painter, artist
记者 (jizhe) journalist, reporter
作家 (zuojia) writer, author
经理 (jingli) manager
商人 (shangren) businessman
演员 (yanyuan) performer, actor, actress
工人 (gongren) worker, laborer
警察 (jingcha) police, policeman
农民 (nongmin) farmer, peasant
职员 (zhiyuan) office staff
秘书 (mishu) secretary
服务员 (fuwuyuan) waiter, waitress, service person
翻译 (fanyi) translate, interpreter, translator
(zhao) look for
申请 (shenqing) apply for, application (for, etc.)
简历 (jianli) resume
(deng) publish, climb (a hill, mountain)
广告 (guanggao) advertise, advertisement
联系 (lianxi) get in touch with, contact
收入 (shouru) income, earnings
全职 (quanzhi) full-time job
兼职 (jianzhi) part-time job
工资 (gongzi) wages, pay, salary
失业 (shiye) lose one's job, be unemployed
机会 (jihui) opportunity, chance
努力 (nuli) make efforts, try hard
计划 (jihua) plan, make a plan
实现 (shixian) achieve, fulfill
希望 (xiwang) hope
(dang) act as, serve as, become
老板 (laoban) boss
如果 (ruguo) if
准备 (zhunbei) prepare, get ready
能够 (nenggou) can, be able to
成功 (chenggong) succeed, achieve, success
Created by: EWHS-Mandarin
 

 



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