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IB ab initio Topic 1

The Individual vocab by Nicole

CharacterPinyinEnglish
大家 (dajia) all people, everybody
男人 (nanren) men, menfolk
女人 (nvren) woman
小孩儿 (xiaohair) child, little child
大人 (daren) adult
青年 (qingnian) youth, young people
年轻人 (nianqingren) young people, youth
中年人 (zhongnianren) people of in middle age
老年人 (laonianren) old people, the aged
南方人 (nanfangren) Southerner, people from south part of a country
北方人 (beifangren) Northerner, people from north part of a country
东方人 (dongfangren) Oriental, Eastern person
西方人 (xifangren) Western person
外国人 (waiguoren) foreigner
朋友 (pengyou) friend
同学 (tongxue) schoolmate
同事 (tongshi) colleague, coworker
亲戚 (qinqi) relative
病人 (bingren) patients, sick person
亚洲 (Yazhou) Asia, Asian
中国 (Zhongguo) China
日本 (Riben) Japan
韩国 (Hanguo) South Korea
新加坡 (Xinjiapo) Singapore
泰国 (Taiguo) Thailand
马来西亚 (Malaixiya) Malaysia
菲律宾 (Feilvbin) Philippines
以色列 (Yiselie) Israel
美洲 (meizhou) the Americas
美国 (Meiguo) United States of America, USA
加拿大 (Jianada) Canada
智利 (Zhili) Chile
阿根廷 (Agenting) Argentina
巴西 (Baxi) Brazil
欧洲 (Ouzhou) Europe, European
英国 (Yingguo) England, Britain, UK
法国 (Faguo) France
挪威 (Nuowei) Norway
丹麦 (Danmai) Denmark
芬兰 (Fenlan) Finland
荷兰 (Helan) Holland
西班牙 (Xibanya) Spain
意大利 (Yidali) Italy
瑞典 (Ruidian) Sweden
非洲 (Feizhou) Africa
南非 (Nanfei) South Africa
澳洲 (Aozhou) Australia
澳大利亚 (Aodaliya) Australia
新西兰 (Xinxilan) New Zealand
姓名 (xingming) family name and given name
性别 (xingbie) gender
年龄 (nianling) age
出生 (chusheng) to be born
日期 (riqi) date
地点 (didian) place, site
国籍 (guoji) nationality
职业 (zhiye) occupation, profession
工作单位 (gongzuo danwei) place of work
住址 (zhuzhi) address
(guo) a country
(sheng) province
(shi) city
(qu) area, region, zone, district
(jie) street
(lu) road
(hao) number in a series
胡同 (hutong) lane, alley, bystreet
城市 (chengshi) city
郊区 (jiaoqu) suburban
农村 (nongcun) rural area, countryside
(xian) county
(xiang) township or rural
(cun) village
家庭 (jiating) family
父亲 (fuqin) father
母亲 (muqin) mother
爸爸 (baba) dad, pa
妈妈 (mama) mamma, mam mum
哥哥 (gege) elder brother
姐姐 (jiejie) elder sister, older sister
弟弟 (didi) younger brother
妹妹 (meimei) younger sister
兄弟姐妹 (xiongdijiemei) siblings
爷爷 (yeye) grandpa, respectful address for an elderly man
奶奶 (nainai) grandma, respectful address for an elderly woman
伯伯 (bobo) uncle, father's elder brother
叔叔 (shushu) uncle, father's younger brother
姑姑 (gugu) uncle, father's younger sister
堂哥 (tangge) older male cousin of a same surname
堂姐 (tangjie) older female cousin of a same surname
外公 (waigong) maternal grandfather
姥爷 (laoye) maternal grandpa
外婆 (waipo) maternal grandmother
姥姥 (laolao) maternal grandma
舅舅 (jiujiu) maternal uncle, mother's brother
(yi) aunt, mother's sister
表弟 (biaodi) younger male cousin with a different surname
表妹 (biaomei) younger female cousin with a different surname
孩子 (haizi) child
儿子 (erzi) son
女儿 (nver) daughter
丈夫 (zhangfu) husband
妻子 (qizi) wife
先生 (xiangsheng) Mr., one's husband
太太 (taitai) Mrs., Madam, wife
生日 (shengri) birthday
结婚 (jiehun) marry, get married
离婚 (lihun) divorce
问候 (wenhou) send one's regards to, greeting
你好 (nihao) How are you?, Hello
再见 (zaijian) goodbye, bye-bye
谢谢 (xiexie) thanks, thank you
不用谢 (buyongxie) not at all, you are welcome
不客气 (bukeqi) you are welcome, not at all
别客气 (biekeqi) you are welcome, not at all
对不起 (duibuqi) I'm sorry, sorry, excuse me
没关系 (meiguanxi) it doesn't matter, never mind
打扰 (darao) disturb
打扰一下 (daraoyixia) excuse me, can you help me...
请问 (qingwen) excuse me, may I ask...
贵姓 (guixing) (what is) your surname?
名字 (mingzi) name or given name
(jiao) name, call
什么 (shenme) what
多大 (duoda) how old
(shu) any of the twelve animals symbolizing the year in which one is born
身体 (shenti) body
最近 (zuijin) recently
好吗 (haoma) How are you?
一般 (yiban) so-so, general
怎么样 (zenmeyang) how about, what about
不错 (bucuo) not bad, pretty good
还可以 (haikeyi) Ok, Yes pretty good
介绍 (jieshao) introduce, introduction
认识 (renshi) know, be acquainted with (a person), recognize
一下儿 (yixiar) measure word for action
介绍一下 (jieshaoyixia) Let's introduce ourselves
认识一下 (renshiyixia) Let's get to know each other
欢迎 (huanying) welcome, greet, favorably
祝贺 (zhuhe) congratulate, congratulation
外貌 (waimao) (of a person) facial features, looks, appearance
(he) and
性格 (xingge) characteristic, temperament
(gao) tall, high
(ai) short (not tall), low
(pang) (of human body) fat
(shou) thin
(bai) white
(hei) black
(huang) yellow
皮肤 (pifu) skin
个子 (gezi) height
(head, chief, boss
头发 (toufa) hair (on the head)
(lian) face
眼睛 (yanjing) eye
(zui) mouth
鼻子 (bizi) nose
耳朵 (erduo) ear
眉毛 (meimao) eyebrow, brow
脖子 (bozi) neck
胳膊 (gebo) arm
(yao) waist
(tui) leg
(shou) hand, a person doing or good at a certain job
(jiao) foot
体重 (tizhong) (body) weight
(zhang) (space or time) long
(duan) short, brief (space, time, etc.)
(da) big, great, old
(xiao) small, little
(cu) wide, (in diameter), thick
narrow, thin, thickness
(yuan) round
(fang) square
漂亮 (piaoliang) beautiful, pretty
(shuai) handsome
衣着 (yizhuo) clothing
穿 (chuan) wear, put on, be dressed in
衣服 (yifu) clothing, clothes
大衣 (dayi) overcoat
衬衫 (chenshan) shirt, blouse
西装 (xizhuang) Western-style clothes
休闲装 (xiuxianzhuang) leisure attire
T恤衫 (T xushan) T-shirt
雨衣 (yuyi) raincoat
裤子 (kuzi) trousers, pants
裙子 (qunzi) skirt
袜子 (wazi) socks, stockings
(xie) shoe
皮鞋 (pixie) leather shoes
运动鞋 (yundongxie) sports shoes
运动服 (yundongfu) track suit
(dai) wear accessories (something on the head, face, neck, chest, arm, hands, etc.)
帽子 (maozi) hat, cap
手套 (shoutao) gloves
(da) tie up
领带 (lingdai) necktie, tie
(wei) enclose, encircle
围巾 (weijin) muffler, scarf
友好 (youhao) friendly
热情 (reqing) enthusiastic, passionate
文静 (wenjing) gentle and quiet
认真 (renzhen) earnest, careful
性子 (xingzi) temper
急性子 (jixingzi) quick-tempered, an impetuous person
慢性子 (manxingzi) slow-tempered
亲切 (qinqie) kind, enthusiastic, and caring
健谈 (jiantan) be good at casual conversation
礼貌 (limao) courtesy, politeness
有礼貌 (youlimao) polite
粗鲁 (culu) rude, impolite
情感 (qinggan) emotion, feeling
(yu) and, with
感觉 (ganjue) sense, feel, sensation
高兴 (gaoxing) glad, happy
快乐 (kuaile) happy, joyful, cheerful
愉快 (yukuai) happy, joyful, pleasant
生气 (shengqi) get angry
伤心 (shangxin) sad, broken-hearted
担心 (danxin) worry, to worry oneself about
难过 (nanguo) feel sorry, feel bad
痛苦 (tongku) pain, suffering
满意 (manyi) satisfied, be satisfied, to one's satisfaction
激动 (jidong) be excited
紧张 (jinzhang) nervous, tense
放心 (fangxin) set one's mind at rest, feel relieved, trust somebody
苦恼 (kunao) distressed, worried, pitiful
(xiao) smile, laugh
(ku) cry, weep
(lei) tired
饿 (e) to be hungry
(ke) thirsty
(bao) to have eaten one's fill, eat till full
(jia) family, home, specialist, used in 艺术家 (yishujia)
住房 (zhufang) housing
房子 (fangzi) house, building
(lou) storied building
公寓 (gongyu) apartment
别墅 (bieshu) villa
房东 (fangdong) landlord or landlady, owner of a house or room
房客 (fangke) tenant (of a house or a room)
出租 (chuzu) rent out
房租 (fangzu) rent
租房 (zufang) rent a house
房屋 (fangwu) houses, buildings
搬家 (banjia) move (house)
搬到 (bandao) move to
房间 (fangjian) room
客厅 (keting) sitting room, living room
书房 (shufang) study room
卧室 (woshi) bedroom, bedchamber
睡房 (shuifang) bedroom
厨房 (chufang) kitchen, cookroom
餐厅 (canting) dining-hall, dining room
饭厅 (fanting) dining-room, dining-hall
洗澡间 (xizaojian) bathroom
浴室 (yushi) bathroom, public bathhouse
卫生间 (weishengjian) restroom, toilet
洗手间 (xishoujian) restroom, toilet
厕所 (cesuo) toilet, water-closet, restroom
阳台 (yangtai) balcony
车库 (cheku) garage
花园 (huayuan) garden
楼梯 (louti) stairs
楼上 (loushang) upstairs
楼下 (louxia) downstairs
(qiang) wall
窗户 (chuanghu) windown, casement
(men) door, gate, measure word for courses
大门 (damen) gate (house, yard, park)
门口 (menkou) entrance, doorway, gate
(hua) flower, blossom, bloom
(cao) grass, straw
(shu) tree, plant
家具 (jiaju) furniture
(chuang) bed
沙发 (shafa) sofa, couch
餐桌 (canzhuo) dining table
书桌 (shuzhuo) desk, writing desk
椅子 (yizi) chair
茶几 (chaji) tea table, side table
地毯 (ditan) carpet, rug
家用电器 (jiayongdianqi) electrical home appliances
电视 (dianshi) television, TV
电冰箱 (dianbingxiang) refrigerator, fridge
微波炉 (weibolu) microwave
洗衣机 (xiyiji) washing machine
吸尘器 (xichenqi) vacuum
舒适 (shushi) comfortable, cosy
宽敞 (kuanchang) spacious
干净 (ganjing) clean, neat, and tidy
邻里 (linli) neighborhood
邻居 (linju) neighbor, neighborhood
吵闹 (chaonao) noisy
安静 (anjing) quiet, peaceful, quietness
起居 (qiju) daily life
起床 (qichuang) get up
吃饭 (chifan) eat a meal
喝茶 (hecha) drink tea
刷牙 (shuaya) brush teeth
洗脸 (xilian) wash face
洗澡 (xizao) have or take a bath, take a shower
上厕所 (shangcesuo) go to the toilet
方便 (fangbian) convenient, go
睡觉 (shuijiao) go to bed, go to sleep
休息 (xiuxi) have (or take) a rest
理发 (lifa) have a haircut
上班 (shangban) go to work, start work
下班 (xiaban) knock off, get off work
上学 (shangxue) go to school, attend school
放学 (fangxue) finish classes (for the day of a school)
迟到 (chidao) arrive late, be late
准时 (zhunshi) be punctual, on time
请假 (qingjia) ask for leave
运动 (yundong) exercises, campaign
锻炼 (duanlian) engage in physical exercise
玩儿 (wanr) play, play with
有时候 (youshihou) sometimes, now and then
星期一 (xingqiyi) Monday
星期日 (xingqiri) Sunday
星期天 (xingqitian) Sunday
每天 (meitian) every day
几点 (jidian) what time
经常 (jingchang) frequently, constantly, often
常常 (changchang) frequently, usually, often
买菜 (maicai) buy vegetable
洗衣 (xiyi) wash clothes
(bai) put, place, arrange
桌子 (zhuozi) table, desk
照顾 (zhaogu) look after, care for
做饭 (zuofan) prepare a meal
熨衣服 (yunyifu) iron clothes
帮忙 (bangmang) help, do a favor
打扫 (dasao) clean, sweep, bream
洗碗 (xiwan) wash dishes, wash bowls
清洁 (qingjie) clean
请客 (qingke) play the host, invite to dinner
作客 (zuoke) be a guest
(lai) come, arrive
(qu) go, leave
(kan) see, look at, watch, read, visit
串门 (chuanmen) drop in
送行 (songxing) see somebody off
迎接 (yingjie) meet, welcome
(jie) meet, pick up somebody from (school, airport, etc.)
(song) deliver, carry, give as a present, see somebody off
客人 (keren) visitor, guest, traveling
贺卡 (heka) congratulation cards, greeting cards
(xin) letter, mail
条子 (tiaozi) brief informal note, a short note
出去 (chuqu) go out, get out
有空 (youkong) free
有事 (youshi) be occupied or busy
(kai) hold a (meeting, etc.)
晚会 (wanhui) evening party, soiree
聚会 (juhui) party, (of people) get together
(gen) with, to, from, towards
见面 (jianmian) meet, see
跟。。。见面 (gen...jianmian) meet somebody
Created by: EWHS-Mandarin
 

 



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