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PSSA Prep Vocab

Reading Terms for PSSA's 1-30

Affix One or more letters occuring as a bound form attached to the begging or end of a word. ex( prefix or suffix).
Alliteration The repitition of initial consonant sounds in neighboring words.
Allusion An implied or indirect reference in literature to a familiar person, place, or event.
Author's Purpose The author's intent to teach, entertain, or persuade the reader.
Circular Argument
Compare Placing together characters, situations, or ideas to show common or differing features in literary selections.
Conclusion The ending of the story or the summarization of ideas or closing argument in nonfictional texts.
Conflict/Problem A struggle or clash between opposing characters, forces or emotions.
Context Clues Information from the reading that identifies a word or group of words.
Contrast To compare or appraise differences.
Conventions of Language Mechanics, usage and sentence completeness.
Descriptive Text Descriptive writing is intended to allow a reader to picture the scene or setting in which the action of a story takes place. (DESCRIPTIVE IS IN THE DEFINITION).
Evaluate To examine and to judge carefully.
Explicit Reffering to specific text that is included in the reading passage or in the directions.
Expository Text Text written to explain and convey information about a specific topic. Contrasts with narrative text.
Fable Narrative intended to convey a moral. Animals or inanimate objects with human characteristics often serve as characters in fables. (FABLES IS IN THE DEFINTION)
Fairy Tale Short narratives featuring mythical beings such as fairies, elves, and sprites. These tales originally belonged to the folklore of a peticular nation or region.
Fiction Any story that is the product of imagination rather than a documentation of fact.
Figurative Language Language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect or feeling.
Fluency The clear, easy, written or spoken expression of ideas; freedom from word-identification problems that might hinder comprehension in silent reading or the expression of ideas in oral reading.
Focus The center of interest or attention.
Folktales A story originating in oral tradition. Folktales fall into a variety of categories, including legends, ghost stories, fairy tales, fables and anecdotes based on historical figures and events.(FOLKTALES IS IN THE DEFINITION)
Foreshadowing A device used in literature to create expectation or to set up an explanation of later developments.
Generalization A conclusion, drawn from specific information, that is used to make a broad statement about a topic or person.
Headings, Graphics and Charts Any visual cues on a page of text that offer additional information to guide the reader's comprehension.(HEADINGS AND GRAPHICS ARE BOTH IN THE FULL DEFINITION)
Imagery A word or group of words in a literary work which appeal to one or more of the senses: sight, smell, taste, touch, and hearing.
Implicit Meanings which, though unexpressed in the literal text may be understood by the reader; implied.
Inference A judgement based on reasoning rather than on direct or explicit statement. A conclusion based on facts or circumstances; understandings gained by "reading between the lines".
Inflectional Ending A form, suffix or element added to the end of a word that changes the form of the word to mark such distinctions as those of case, gender, number, tense, person, mood or voice.
Irony The use of a word or phrase to mean the exact opposite of its literal or usual meaning; incongruity between the actual result of a sequence of events and the expected result.
Created by: junglepossum