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NTS2 rio

André-Marie Ampère electrodynamics the astatic needle
Neil Alden Armstrong first man on the moon
John Audubon ornithologist
Florence Bascom geologist
Alexander Graham Bell telephone
Niels Bohr electrons move around the nucleus of the atom in restricted orbits
Elizabeth Blackwell woman in the United States to receive a medical degree
Robert Bunsen gas analysis the explanation of geyser action discovered by spectroscopy the elements cesium and rubidium
Jocelyn Bell Burnell pulsar
J. Michael Bishop discovered the cellular origin of retroviral oncogenes: cancer gene
Frank MacFarlane Burnet understanding of influenza and the development of immunity against it
Rachel Louise Carson the modern environmental movement
George Washington Carver hundreds of uses for the peanut, the sweet potato, and the soybean
Henry Cavendish composition of air & the density of the earth
Francis Crick the structure and function of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Marie Curie radioactivity and on radium
John Dalton law of partial pressures
Charles Robert Darwin the theory of organic evolution
Sir Humphry Davy electrochemistry led to his isolation of potassium and sodium in 1807 and of calcium, barium, boron, magnesium, and strontium in 1808
René Descartes analytical geometry
Thomas Alva Edison incandescent electric lamp, the phonograph, the carbon telephone transmitter, and the motion-picture projector.
Albert Einstein theory of relativity & the quantum theory
Michael Faraday the first dynamo & electromagnetic induction & research on electrolysis
Rosalind Elsie Franklin helical molecular structure of DNA
Benjamin Franklin Franklin stove, bifocal eyeglasses, and a glass harmonica, & lightning rod
Richard Phillips Feynman development of the atomic bomb, theories of superfluidity and quarks
Robert Fulton inventor of the steamboat & expert gunsmith
Galileo Galilei first complete astronomical telescope & the four largest satellites of Jupiter
Robert Hutchings Goddard world's first liquid fuel rocket
Stephen Jay Gould the evolutionary theory of “punctuated equilibrium,” which states that in geologic time and strata, the appearance of a new species occurs suddenly and without the continuous slow accretion of tiny variations
William Harvey the function of the heart and the complete circulation of the blood
Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin determining the structure of biochemical compounds (particularly of vitamin B12 & the first X-ray photograph of a protein (pepsin
Grace Murray Hopper earliest computer programmers
Edwin Powell Hubble the theory of the expanding universe & classified the different types of galaxies including irregular galaxies, three types of spirals and barred spirals, and elliptical galaxies
Mae Carol Jemison the first African-American woman to enter space
Edward Jenner the vaccination against smallpox
Johannes Kepler accurately describe the revolutions of the planets around the sun
Robert Koch established the bacterial cause of many infectious diseases and discovered the microorganisms causing anthrax (1876), wound infections (1878), tuberculosis (1882), conjunctivitis (1883), cholera (1884), and other diseases.
Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier the role of oxygen in the respiration of both animals and plants & explained combustion
Anton van Leeuwenhoek maker of microscopes & the first complete descriptions of the bacteria, the protozoans (which he called animalcules), spermatozoa, and striped muscle
Carolus Linnaeus the originator of modern scientific classification of plants and animals. modern taxonomy
Maria Göppert-Mayer models of the nucleus of atoms & the first woman to win the Nobel Prize for theoretical physics
James Clerk Maxwell the theory of the electromagnetic field , color blindness & the color disk
Barbara McClintock discovered that certain genetic material, “transposable elements,” shifted its location in the chromosomes from generation to generation
Peter Brian Medawar a method for joining ends of severed nerves & discovery of acquired immunological tolerance
Gregor Johann Mendel experimental work on heredity & investigations on garden peas
Dmitri Mendeleev periodic law and the invention of the periodic table,
Peter D. Mitchell the chemiosmotic theory, which explains how energy is generated in the mitochondria of living cells
Joseph-Michel Montgolfier the first practical balloon & the first manned free balloon flight. Paris
Samuel Finley Breese Morse the electric telegraph & telegraphy
Isaac Newton, universal gravitation & three famous laws of motion;
J. Robert Oppenheimer development of atomic energy & proponents of civilian and international control of atomic energy
Louis Pasteur process of pasteurization, vaccination against anthrax & rabies
Linus Carl Pauling developed the concept of resonance to explain covalent bonds in certain organic compounds & three-dimensional structures of many antitoxins, amino acids, and proteins
Joseph Priestley oxygen, & sulfur dioxide, ammonia
Sally Kristen Ride the first American woman in space
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen X ray
Jonas Edward Salk vaccine against polio
Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander Schrödinger mathematical development of wave mechanics (1926), a form of quantum mechanics
Edward Teller hydrogen bomb
James Dewey Watson molecular structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) ,The Double Helix, Human Genome Research
James Watt steam engine & coined the term horsepower
Eli Whitney inventor of the cotton gin, &interchangeable parts on muskets
Wilbur Wright the first powered, sustained and controlled flight of a heavier than air machine at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina in 1903.
Chien-Shiung Wu develop a process to enrich uranium ore to produce the fuel for the atomic bomb. & helped to destroy the “law of conservation of parity,”
Created by: mrsjduren