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Nutrition and Diet

Nutrition and Diet Therapy, and My Pyramid

Dietary guidelines suggest limiting sodium intake daily to what? 2,300 mg
When did the USDA create the new Food Guide Pyramid, MyPyramid? 2005
What was the USDA's intention when creating the new MyPyramid? To create a visual tool that promotes healthy food choices balanced with physical activity.
On the MyPyramid, what do the colored food bands represent? The proportion and variety of food groups that healthy individuals over 2 yrs. of age should include in the daily diet.
What is the recommended daily serving of oils? 6 tsp
BMI estimate of overall body fat
How much exercise is recommended for an individual? 30 min. each 3-5 days/wk.
What exercise burns more fat? 20 min. of low and moderate intensity exercise.
Normal BMI 18.5-24.9
Overweight BMI 25.0-29.9
Obese BMI 30.0 and Above
Morbidly Obese BMI 40.0 and Above
Important regulators of nerve responses Calcium and Sodium
The Food Pyramid's dairy group supplies what that is necessary for bone formation Cacium, magnesium, and phosphorus
What vitamin aids in the absorption of calcium and phosphorus? D
Normal bowel functioning depends on what for men? Adequate fluid intake and 38 g/day of fiber
Normal bowel functioning for women depend on what? Adequate fluid intake and 25 d/day of fiber
Ways to prevent cancer Well balanced diet, increase high fiber plant based foods, limit sat. and unsat. fats, limit sodium intake, avoid excess alcohol intake, include regular excercise.
People who are at higher risk for obesity include: Lower income groups, former smokers, people with chronic mental illness, disabled, sedentary lifestyles
Medical problems resulting from obesity Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, sleep apnea, cancers, depression, osteoarthritis
Causes of malnutrition Inadequate diet, digestion/absorption problems, medical conditions
Malnutrition symptoms requiring medical intervention Fainting, lack of menstruation, lack of growth in children, rapid hair loss
Created by: ReginaK