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Liverman:Foreign Pol

Liverman: Foreign Policy Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Foreign Policy Politics of the federal government directed to matters beyond United States borders, especially relations with other countries.
Isolationaism The view that the United States should withdraw from world affairs, limit foreign aid, and avoid involvment in foreign wars.
Interventionism The view that a nation should be actively involved in world affairs.
Regionalism A foreign policy that defines the international interest of a country in terms of particular geographic areas.
National Defense A nation's use of military, economic and political power to maintain survival.
Arms Control Limits on the number of weapons nation's produce and deploy.
Weapons of Mass Destruction A weapon that can kill large numbers of peopple and/or cause great damage to an area.
Terrorism The systematic use of violent or dustructive acts committed by groups in order to intimidate a population or government into granting their demands.
Human Rights Basic rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled.
Diplomacy A process in which nations meet to talk and negotiate peaceful solutions to their differences.
Treaty A formal agreement between two or more sovereign states.
Ambassador A person who represents the United States government in foreign countries.
Embargo An order prohibiting trade with another country.
Economic Sanction Economic penalty applied by one nation or group of nations on another for econmic, political, or other reasons. This can include tariffs, duties, guotas, embargoes.
Alliance An association among nations to further the common interest of the members.
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) An organization of nations whose goal is to achieve stable oil prices that are fair and reasonable for consumbers.
European Union (EU) An economic, scientific, and political organization consisting of nations in Europe. Some of the nations included are: France, Italy, Germany, Denmark, Spain, Portugal, Austria, Finland, & Sweden.
Free Trade Exchange of resources, goods, and services without barriers of trade.
Tariff A list or system of duties imposed by a government on imported or exported goods.
Imprt Goods that a nation buys from other countries.
Export Goods that a nation sells to other countries.
Foreign Aid Assistance (as economic aid) provided by one nation to another.
Democracy A form of government in which political control is exercised by all people, either directly or through their elected representatives.
Developing Nation A nation only beginning to develop industrially.
Peace Corps An agency of the national governemtn which focuses on helping people in developing nations. Volunteers work as teachers, workers as mentors in the areas of education, health, environmental protection, business and agricultural development.
United Nations An international organization established in October 1945 by 51 nations committed to preserving peace through international cooperation.
International Committee of Red Cross (ICRC) A worldwide organization that provides humanitarian assistance and aid.
North AMerican Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) A free trade agreement among the United States, Mexico and Canada. Its goals include eliminating trade barriers between the nations, allowing increased access to goods and services for consumers and producers.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO) An international alliance of 26 nations from North America and Europe, Membershop incudes protection and collective security. Member nations share common values of democracy incuding rule of law and individual liberty.
International Monetary Fund(IMF) An international organization of 184 countries established to promote monetary cooperation and exchange stability. The organization also fosters economic growth and high levels of employment and provides temporary financial assistance.
World Bank An organization that focuses on development of foreign nations. It words to provide more jobs for people, more access to goods and services and often access to food, clean water, clothing and education.
World Health Organization (WHO) An agency of the United Nations that works to promote international public health.
Magic Word Diplomat
Created by: Liverman