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Nutrition

Vitamins, Minerals, Diets, etc.

QuestionAnswer
Folic Acid Sources Green leafy veggies, Dried peas & beans, liver, seeds, orange juice, cereals & breads
Pernicious Anemia Caused by lack of protein....most common form of vit B12 deficiency
Anemia Reduction of RBC's
In clientsd with HIV/AIDsm provide high protein amounts of ... 1.2 - 2.0 g/kg
In clients with HIV/AIDs, increase caloric needs from: 35 - 45 cal/kg.
Cancer can affect nutritional status how... anorexia, increase in metabolism, negative nitrogen balance
ARF - Acute Renal Failure An abrupt, rapid decline in renal function.
What must be restricted in ESRD? Phosphorus
Dietary therapy for Pre-ESRD is to... preserve remaining function by limiting the intakek of protein and phosphorus.
Saturated fat should account for how much total calories? 10%
Dawn Phenomenon Elevation of blood glucose around 0500 to 0600 a.m. (Results of overnight release of growth hormone.
Somagyi's Phenomenon Morning hyperglycermia in response to overnight hypoglycemia
Glucose level that requires immediate reation? 70 mg/dl or lessor higher than 250mg/dl
Hyperglycemia Abnormally high glucose level.
Hypoglycemia Abnormally low glucose level.
Types of Diabetes Type One, Type Two, Gestational
Risk factors for malnutrition Biophysical, Psychological, Socioeconomical
Differences in nitrogen balance normal is =sick is -growing is +
How much of tal dietary intake should be from lipids? 20 - 35%10% min. for brain function
Due to high content of destro, what should the nurse check? Glucose level
Catabolism breaking down of substances
Anabolism Building up of substances
Fiber The substance in plant foods that is indigestible. Categorized as a carbohydrate but does not provide energy.
Signs of Malnutrition Dry, brittle hair / poor wound healing / lack of sq. fat or muscle wasting / abnormal cardiovascular measurements / general weakness or impaired condition / low albumin levels
# of glasses of water to drink each day to maintain fluid balance 6 - 8
BMI Indicates body fatness
MBR Rate at which food energy is burned
BMR Amt. of energy used at rest
Metabolic Rate Rate at whch food energy is burned
Metabolism The sum of all chemical processes that occur on a cellular level in order to maintain homeostasis
What is assessed for proper hydration skin turgor, mental status, orthostatic blood pressures, urine output/concentration, moistness of mucous membranes
Balanced Input/Output Ratio 1:1
Recommended adult fluide intake Men, 3-4 L/dayWomen, 2-3 L/day
Iron food sources Organ meats, egg yolks, whole grains, green leafy veggies.
Iodine Used for synthesis of thyroxine. Def. causes a goiter.
How many calories per gram of energy does each source of nutrition give you? Proteins -4,k Carbs -4, Lipids -9
What is left in the blood when R & W blood cells are removed? Plasma, Proteins, Platelets
Enteral Nutrition Used when the patient is unable to consume adequate nutrients and calories.
Minerals Used at every cellular level for metabolic exchanges.
Mineral Categories 7 Major Minerals and 10 Trace Elements
Lipids Chemical group of fats
Lipids/Fats Triglycerides, Phospholipids, sterols, saturated and unsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, Essential fatty acids
VLDL Carries triglycerides to tissue
LDL Carries cholesterol to tissues
HDL Removes excess cholesterol from tissues
Proteins Organic compounds made of amino accids - provided by plant and animal tissue.
3 types of proteins Complete, Incomplete, Complementary
Amino Acids Building blocks of proteins and muscle tissue
Glycogen Stored carboohydrate energy source fouind in the liver and muscles.
Classified Carbohydrates Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, Polysaccharides
Of the carbohydrates that are eaten, how many are absorbed... 80-95%
Albumin Protein made in the liver.
What is needed for growth and the healing process? Amino Acids - 9 essential from foods and 13 non-essential from the body.
Dutritive Sources Carbs/Fiber, Protein, Lipids, Vitamins, Minerals, Electolytes, and Water
Vitamins Organic Components in food that are needed in very small amounts for growth and for maintaining good health.
How many essential vitamins? 13
2 classes of vitamins Water Soluble and Fat Soluble
Created by: ReginaK