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Alterted Mental Stat

What are some things that can cause a seizure? Fever, epilepsy, stroke, measles, hypoglycemia, eclampsia, hypoxia, heat stroke, infection etc.
What is a Partial Seizure? A tingling, stiffening, or jerking in just one part of the body.
What order do seizures usually follow? Tonic, clonic and then postictal.
What happens during a tonic phase? The body becomes rigid, stiffening for no more than 30 seconds. Breathing may stop. Bowel and bladder control may be lost.
What happens during a clonic phase? The body jerks violently, usually for no more than 1 or 2 minutes. Foaming at the mouth or drool. Face and lips may become cyanotic.
What happens during a postictal phase? State of drowsiness and confusion. May remain unconsicious. Headache is common.
What is an absence seizure(petit mal)? Bief usually only 1 to 10 seconds. Temporary loos of concentration or awareness.
The term stroke refers to what? Death or injury of brain tissue that is deprived of oxygen.
Define ischemic stroke. When a clot or embolism occludes an artery.
Define Hemorrhagic stroke. Happens when there is bleeding into the brain. Can be the result of longstanding high blood pressure.
Define aphasia. difficulty in communication. Patient understands what you're saying, but uses the wrong words to answer.
Define receptive aphasia. Patient does not understand what you are saying. Says things that do not make sense.
What effects does epinephrine have on the body? It will constrict blood vessels and dilate the bronchioles.
What are the side effects of epinephrine? Increased heart rate, pallor, dizziness, chest pain, headache, nausea, anxiety.
Created by: 738261881