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André-Marie Ampère electromagnetism a French physicist (January 20, 1775 – June 10, 1836 The ampere unit of measurement of electric current is named after him. France
Neil Armstrong first human ever to step foot on the Moon born August 5, 1930) is a former American astronaut the Apollo 11 moon landing in July 1969 USA
John Audubon described the birds of North America. (April 26, 1785 – January 27, 1851) was a Franco-American ornithologist USA (french)
Florence Bascom first woman scientist to be hired at the United States Geological Survey (USGS) 1862-1945 a pioneer of the use of microscopes in the study of minerals and rocks. USA
Alexander Graham Bell considered to be the inventor of the telephone, (March 3, 1847 – August 2, 1922) was a Scottish-American USA (scottish)
Niels Bohr understanding atomic structure and quantum mechanics. (October 7, 1885 – November 18, 1962) was a Danish physicist Denmark (Danish)
Elizabeth Blackwell the first woman to practice medicine in the United States (February 3, 1821 – May 31, 1910 She was born in Bristol , England She became active in the anti-slavery movement USA (british)
Robert Bunsen emission spectroscopy of heated elements elements cesium and rubidium (31 March 1811 – 16 August 1899) was a German chemist. He perfected the burner that was named after him, invented by British chemist/physicist Michael Faraday Germany
Jocelyn Bell Burnell discovered the first radio pulsars , 15 July 1943), British astrophysicist Great Britain
J. Michael Bishop he discovered the first human oncogene, v-Src. born February 22, 1936) is an American immunologist USA
Sir Frank MacFarlane Burnet discovery of acquired immunological tolerance born September 3, 1899 was an Australian biologist. Australia
Rachel Louise Carson wrote Silent Spring, launched the environmental movement. (May 27, 1907 – April 14, 1964) was a Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania-born zoologist and biologist USA
George Washington Carver hundreds of uses for the peanut and other plants Spring of 1864 – January 5, 1943) was an African American botanist USA
Henry Cavendish discovered hydrogen (October 10, 1731 - February 24, 1810) was a British scientist. Cavendish is also credited with calculations of the density of the earth Great Britain
Francis Crick co-discoverers of the structure of the DNA molecule (8 June 1916 – 28 July 2004) was a British He, James D. Watson, and Maurice Wilkins were jointly awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize Great Britain
Marie Curie , pioneer in the early field of radiology and a two-time Nobel laureate She was born in Warsaw, Poland at age 24 moved to France Poland, then France
John Dalton the atomic theory (September 6, 1766 – July 27, 1844) was a British chemist Great Britain
Charles Darwin evolution The Origin of Species (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was a British naturalist Darwin's five-year voyage on the Beagle Great Britain
Sir Humphry Davy electrolysis was able to separate elemental potassium and sodium in 1807 and calcium, strontium, barium, and magnesium in 1808 (17 December 1778 – 29 May 1829 He was born in Penzance, Cornwall, United Kingdom. Great Britain
René Descartes "Father of Modern Mathematics," coordinate system used in plane geometry and algebra , March 31, 1596 – February 11, 1650), also known as Cartesius, was a noted French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist France
Thomas Alva Edison the light bulb holding 1,093 U.S. patents (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) The Wizard of Menlo Park USA
Albert Einstein the general theory of relativity E=mc2 (March 14, 1879 – April 18, 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist USA (German)
Michael Faraday contributed significantly to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry (September 22, 1791 – August 25, 1867) was a British scientist Great Britain
Rosalind Franklin the discovery of the structure of DNA (25 July 1920 – 16 April 1958) was a British physical chemist and crystallographer Great Britain
Benjamin Franklin the lightning rod, famous electricity experiments and bifocals (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most prominent of the Founders and early political figures and statesmen of the United States. USA
Richard Feynman development of the atomic bomb (May 11, 1918 – February 15, 1988) influential American physicists USA
Robert Fulton the first steam-powered ship. (November 14, 1765 – February 24, 1815) was a US engineer and inventor USA
Galileo Galilei the telescope, referred to as the "father of modern astronomy", as the "father of modern physics", and as "father of science". (Pisa, February 15, 1564 – Arcetri, January 8, 1642), was an Italian physicist, astronomer, and philosopher Italy
Robert Goddard liquid-fueled rockets (October 5, 1882 – August 10, 1945) "fathers of modern rocketry" USA
Stephen Jay Gould paleontologist (September 10, 1941 – May 20, 2002) was an American USA
William Harvey circulatory system the properties of blood being pumped around the body by the heart. (April 1, 1578–1657) was a medical doctor Great Britain
Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin the technique of X-ray crystallography, structure of penicillin, insulin, and vitamin B12 (May 12, 1910 – July 29, 1994) was a British founder of protein crystallography. Great Britain
Grace Murray Hopper the first compiler for a computer programming language. (December 9, 1906 – January 1, 1992) was an Amercian computer scientist and naval officer USA
Edwin Powell Hubble discovery of galaxies beyond the Milky Way (November 20, 1889 – September 28, 1953) was an American astronomer, USA
Mae Carol Jemison the first African-American woman to travel to space doctor born October 17, 1956 the Space Shuttle Endeavour USA
Edward Jenner the smallpox vaccine (May 17, 1749 - January 26, 1823) was an English country doctor Great Britain
Johannes Kepler his laws of planetary motion ecliptical orbits Kepler (December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630 a German mathematician, astrologer Germany
Robert Koch the anthrax bacillus (1877), the tuberculosis bacillus (1882) and the cholera bacillus (1883) bacteriology (December 11, 1843 – May 27, 1910) was a German physician. Germany
Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier the Law of Conservation of Matter oxygen (August 26, 1743 – May 8, 1794) was a French nobleman. he was beheaded at the height of the French Revolution France
Anton[1] van Leeuwenhoek the improvement of the microscope microbiology (October 24, 1632 - August 30, 1723 was a Dutch tradesman and scientist from Delft, Netherlands Netherlands
Carolus Linnaeus taxonomy system of scientific classification (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), a Swedish botanist and physician fathers of modern ecology Sweden
Maria Göppert-Mayer a model for the nuclear shell structure (June 28, 1906 - February 20, 1972) was born Maria Göppert in Katowice (then in Germany, now part of Poland) In 1930 moved to the United States USA (Germany)
James Clerk Maxwell laws of electricity and magnetism kinetic theory of gases. (13 June 1831 – 5 November 1879) was a Scottish Scotland UK
Barbara McClintock development of maize cytogenetics (June 16, 1902 – September 2, 1992) was a pioneering American scientist USA
Peter Brian Medawar how the immune system rejects or accepts organ transplants 1915-1987 was a Brazilian-born English scientist Great Britain (brazil)
Gregor Johann Mendel father of genetics the inheritance of traits 1822-1884 was an Austrian monk Austria
Dmitri Mendeleev the periodic table of elements 1834-1907 was a Russian chemist Russia
Peter D. Mitchell ATP synthesis (September 29, 1920- April 10, 1992)[1] was a British biochemist Great Britain
Joseph-Michel Montgolfier hot air balloon. 1740-1810 France France
Isaac Newton gravity the three laws of motion 1643-1727 was an English physicist Great Britain
J. Robert Oppenheimer the father of the atomic bomb director of the Manhattan Project (April 22, 1904 – February 18, 1967) was an American theoretical physicist of German-Jewish origin USA (German-Jew)
Louis Pasteur first vaccine against rabies (December 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895) was a French microbiologist and chemist. France
Linus Carl Pauling founders of molecular biology (February 28, 1901 – August 19, 1994) was an American quantum chemist and biochemist, USA
Samuel Morse electrical telegraph in 1837 (April 27, 1791 – April 2, 1872) was an American inventor USA
Joseph Priestley the co-discovery of oxygen (13 March 1733 – 8 February 1804) was an English chemist Great Britain
Sally Kristen Ride the first American woman to reach outer space b. May 26, 1951) is a former astronaut USA
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen x-rays (March 27, 1845 – February 10, 1923) was a German physicist, Germany
Jonas Edward Salk first polio vaccine (October 28, 1914 – June 23, 1995) was an American physician USA
Erwin Schrödinger quantum mechanics Schrödinger's cat thought experiment. (August 12, 1887 – January 4, 1961), an Austrian physicist, Austria
Edward Teller the father of the hydrogen bomb the Manhattan Project (January 15, 1908 – September 9, 2003) was a Hungarian-born American nuclear physicist USA (Hungary)
James Watson structure of the DNA Born in Chicago USA
James Watt improvements to the steam engine Industrial Revolution. (19 January 1736 – 19 August 1819) was a Scottish inventor and engineer Scotland UK
Eli Whitney cotton gin in 1793 interchangeable parts (December 8, 1765 - January 8, 1825)Born on December 8,1765 in Westborough, Massachusetts USA
Orville Wright Wilbur Wright practical aeroplane to Kitty Hawk, North Carolina on December 17, 1903 (August 19, 1871 - January 30, 1948) and Wilbur Wright (April 16, 1867 - May 30, 1912), Wilbur Wright was born in Millville, Indiana in 1867, Orville Wright was born in Dayton, Ohio in 1871. USA
Chien-Shiung Wu hemoglobins that cause sickle-cell disease. expertise in radioactivity the Manhattan Project (May 31, 1912–February 16, 1997) was a female Chinese American physicist USA (China)
Created by: mrsjduren