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CH 16 TN IMPT

Therapeutic Nutrition notes

QuestionAnswer
primary organ involved in diabetes pancreas
weight and heredity seem to be a factor in what type of diabetes type 2 diabetes
what would help improve type 2 diabetes weight loss
related to abnormal metabolism of carbs and fats uncontrolled diabetes
normal intake of fat for gestational diabetes 20 to 25% FAT
synthesizes the insulin (makes them) islet cells/B cells
accumulation of glucose in blood hyperglycemia
low glucose in blood hypoglycemia
hormone that synthesized by pancreatic islet cells SOMATO STATIN
hormone that acts the opposite to insulin. It turns glycogen to glucose glucagon
normal intake of carbs (CHO) 60
it tends to lower down blood sugar increase in fiber
byproducts of the metabolism of fats ketones
what is the long term effect of diabetes kidney, eye, heart and nerve disease
diabetics use this as artificial sweetener aspertane
caused by fibrous plaque in coronary vessels CAD (Coronary artery disease)
underlined pathogenic process in CAD ATHEROSCLEROSIS
reduced blood flow causing inadequate supply of nutrients and oxygen to, and wastes from, tissues ISCHEMIA
localized area of dying or dead tissue INFARCTION
function is to carry fat and cholesterol to the cells for energy and metabolism LIPOPROTEINS (FAT)
very low density lipoprotein VLDL
what is the best fat monosaturated fat
what is the daily intake of cholesterol per day 200 mg
results in difficulty breathing CHF (CORONARY HEART FAILURE)
considerations for CHF fatigue, shortness of breath (SOB), decrease in appetite, edema and abdominal distension
secondary to another heatlth problem such as kidney dz, heart, etc.; it may be a silent disease HTN (Hypertension)
what is HTN diet? high in potassium and Calcium.
normal bp 140/90
renal disease needs to limit what? protein
protein is limited to how many grams/day for a person who has renal disease? 40 grams
spincters in the stomach esopageal and pyloric
recommendation for a person who has GERD do not lie down for 3 to 4 hours
repeated episodes in dysphagia will result in what? ammonia
small openings in GI tract diverticula
a person who has peptic ulcer should limit what because it irritates the mucosa? black pepper
what should be the diet for Celiec Sprue gluten free diet
what should the diet be for Hepatitis increase calories, carbs and proteins
what should the diet be for Cholecystitis low fat diet
Created by: jekjes