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EDUC322 Chapter 2

Language A communication system
Expressive Language Someone is sending/encoding a message. Usually oral or written.
Receptive language Someone is receiving/decoding a message. Usually heard or read.
Phonology Sounds used in language
Prosody Expressive spoken language
Intonation How one's pitch rises and falls when speaking
Stress The loudness or softness of speech
Juncture Slight pauses between words or parts of words
Rime The vowel sound and every sound following it in a syllable
Onset All the sounds in the syllable that comes before the vowel sound
Phoneme The smallest unit of sound that changes meaning when it is changed
Phonemic Awareness Being aware of phonemes, individual sounds in words, and letters and the sounds associated with them
Orthography Spelling patterns, linking letters to sounds, punctuation, and graphic features of text
Grapheme A printed symbol that represents a phoneme
Alphabetic Principle Knowing that letters represent speech sounds
Phonics The relationship between letters and sounds
Morphology Breaking words apart to study the structures that create meaning
Morphemes Units of meaning
Syntax Understanding how words are combined into phrases and sentences
Grammar A rule system for describing the organization of language
Semantics Connecting background knowledge, interests, attitudes, and perspectives with language to construct meaning
Schema Theory The idea that new knowledge is connected to what the learner already knows
Pragmatics Knowing how language works and is used in one's culture
Teacher Rating of Oral Language and Literacy (TROLL) Assesses oral language as well as early reading and writing development
myIGDIs: Picture Naming Test Assesses oral language
Oral Language Acquisition Inventory-2 (OLAI-2) Assesses children's acquisition of oral language structures and components
Test of Language Development (TOLD) Most widely used assessment of oral language. Can be used for screening, diagnostic, or outcomes.
Mean Length of Utterance (MLU) The average number of words spoken in a statement. The general rule of thumb is a student's MLU should match their age.
Created by: isabele23
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