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Ch 13 Diet during Ch

Ch 13 Diet during Childhood and Adolescence

QuestionAnswer
T or F: Fats should not be limited before the age of 2.   TRUE  
what is the fat intake of calories for 1-3 yr olds?   30-35% of calories  
what is the fat intake of calories for 4-18 yr olds?   25% of calories  
When is whole milk recommended?   Until the age of 2 but low-fat or fat-free milk should be served from age 2 on.  
What determines calorie intake form children ages 1-12?   rate of growth, activity level, body size, metabolism and health  
How often are nutrient dense snacks needed?   every 2-3 hrs  
How many cups of milks do young children need?   2-3 cups of milk  
Young children need how much water per calorie?   1 ml of water per calorie and introduce fiber slowly.  
When is a child overweight?   If he or she is above 95% percentile for body mass index(BMI) by sex and age.  
Childhood obesity causes:   asthma, increased BP & HR, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, hyperlipidemia, hip and knee problems, social stigma  
ANOREXIA NERVOSA   psychological disorder that causes a client to drastically reduce calories consumed, causing altered metabolism.  
Bulimia   Syndrome in which the client alternately binges and purges by inducing vomiting and using laxatives and diuretics to get rid of ingested food.  
ALCOHOL contains 7 calories per gram but no nutrient; is a depressent with serious side effects; it affects absorption and normal metabolism of glucose, fats, proteins and vitamins
marijuana it increases appetite especially for sweets; more harmful to lungs than tobacco cigarettes and may lead to use of other drugs.
cocaine highly addictive and extremely harmful; weight loss is very common due to decreased appetite
tobacco can influence appetite, nutritional status and weight; smokers need more vitamin C because smoking alters metabolism.
carboloading begins 6 days before an event and involves a regimen of diet and exercise to maximize the amount of glycogen in the muscles
Created by: jekjes