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Political Beliefs

KHS Political Beliefs and Behaviors

civic duty The belief that citizens have an obligation to participate in civic and political affairs.
culture war A split in the United States reflecting differences in people's beliefs about private and public morality, and regarding what standards ought to govern individual behavior and social arrangements.
equality of opportunity A value in American culture which maintains that all people should have the same opportunity to get ahead.
equality of result A value in American culture which maintains that there should be not be significant income disparities and that the government should guarantee a basic standard of living.
external efficacy The belief that the political system will respond to citizens. This belief has declined in recent years because of public sentiment that the government has become too big to be responsive.
internal efficacy Confidence in one's own ability to understand and to take part in political affairs. This confidence has remained stable over the past few decades.
political culture A distinctive and patterned day of thinking about how political and economic life ought to be carried out.
political efficacy The sense that citizens have the capacity to understand and influence political events.
political ideology A comprehensive set of political, economic, and social views or ideas concerned with the form and role of government.
progressive (social) One of the two camps in the culture war that believes personal freedom is more important that traditional rules and that rules depend on the circumstances of modern life.
work ethic A tradition of Protestant churches that required a life of personal achievement as well as religious convictions; a believer had an obligation to work, save money, obey the secular law, and do good works. Max Weber attributed the rise of capitalism.
conservative Prefers less government involvement in economic policy while favoring more in social/personal policy (ie: fewer business regulations, ban abortion)
Elite People with a disproportionate amount of a valued resource.
gender gap Differences between the political views of men and women.
liberal Prefers more government involvement in economic policy while favoring less in social/personal policy (ie: minimum wage laws, allow same sex marriage)
libertarians An adherent of a political ideology that is conservative on economic matters and liberal on social issues. The ideology advocates a small, weak government.
partisanship identification with a political party.
political elite A person who possesses a disproportionate share of political power.
political ideology A coherent and consistent set of beliefs about who ought to rule, what principles rulers ought to obey, and what policies rulers ought to pursue.
poll A survey of public opinion.
random sample A sample selected in such a way that any member of the population being surveyed (all adults or voters) has an equal chance of being selected.
Australian ballot An election ballot of uniform size printed by the government and cast in secret.
Fifteenth Amendment The constitutional amendment that guaranteed the right to vote regardless of race, color, or previous condition of slavery.
grandfather clause A state law allowing people to vote, even if they did not meet legal requirements, if an ancestor had voted before 1867.
literacy test A state law requiring potential voters to demonstrate reading skills. These tests were suspected by the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
motor-voter bill Requires states to allow people to register to vote when applying for a driver's license.
Nineteenth Amendment An amendment to the Constitution, passed in 1920, allowing women the right to vote.
Poll tax A state tax paid prior to voting. The tax was designed to prevent blacks from voting since poor whites were usually exempted through a grandfather clause. Poll taxes have been made illegal.
registered voters People who are eligible to vote in an election and who have signed up with the government to vote.
Twenty-sixth Amendment The 1971 constitutional amendment that lowered the voting age in both state and federal elections to eighteen.
Twenty-third Amendment The 1961 constitutional amendment permitting residents of Washington, D.C., to vote in presidential elections.
Voting Rights Act of 1965 Suspended the use of literacy tests in elections and authorized federal examiners to order the registration of blacks in states and counties where fewer than 50% of the voting-age population was registered or had voted in the last presidential election.
voting age population The percentage of people in a country who are eligible to vote because they satisfy the minimum age requirement.
Created by: afailoni



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