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The Earth's Landscap

Unit 5: How the Earth's landscapes affect people

landscape the appearance of a piece of territory
natural landscape a piece of territory which has not been modified by humans
humanised landscape a piece of territory which has been modified by humans
settlement a place where people have come to live and make their homes
rural landscape a piece of territory modified by agricultural activities
urban landscape a piece of territory where the land is made flatter in order to construct buildings
terraces a method of culitvation on the slopes of the mountains consisting of different "steps"
irrigation channel a channel which supplies water to an area of land so that crops will grow
rainforest a forest in regions close to the Equator that have a lot of rain
dense containing a lot of things with little space between them
lush growing thickly and strongly
emergents very tall trees which form the top layer of the rainforest
canopy the middle layer of the rainforest, formed by trees whose crowns grow very close together
forest floor the bottom layer of the rainforest
trunk the thick main stem of a tree, that the branches grow from
crown the top of a tree formed by the branches
plantation agriculture a type of agriculture where plants are cultivated by multinational companies on large farms
savannah a wide flat open area of land in Africa, that is covered with grass but has few trees
shrubs a large plant that is smaller than a tree and that has several stems of wood coming from the ground
deciduous tree a tree that loses its leaves every year
gallery forest a forest along a river in a region otherwise devoid of trees
steppe a large area of land with short grass and few shrubs, especially in areas close to a desert
thorny having small sharp, pointed parts on the stem
herd a group of animals of the same type that live
desert a large area of land that has very little water and very few plants growing on it
arid having little or no rain; very dry
oasis an area in the desert where there is water and where plants grow
sand dune a small hill of sand formed by the wind in a desert
pebble a smooth, round stone that is found in or near water
meadow a field covered in grass, especially in areas with abundant precipitation
beech a tall forest tree with shiny leaves and small nuts
heather a low wild plant with small purple flowers, that grows on hills and areas of wild open land
gorse a bush with thin leaves with sharp points and small yellow flowers
drought a long period of time when there is little or no rain
pasture a land covered with grass that is suitable for feeding animals on
livestock all the animals kept on a farm
lavender, rosemary, thyme aromatic plants in mediterranean landscapes
coniferous tree a tree that produces cones and has leaves that do not fall off in the winter
logging the business of cutting down trees for their wood
moss a very small green plant without flowers that spreads over wet surfaces, rocks, trees, etc.
tundra the large, flat Arctic regions of northern Europe, Asia and North America where no trees grow and where the soil below the surface of the ground is always frozen
lichen a very small grey or yellow plant that spreads over the surface of rocks, walls and trees and does not have any flowers
Created by: livia.pasztor
Popular Geography sets




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