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Unit 7 Vocab

7-5 Petersen Unit 7 Vocab: Ch. 19-21 (Africa South of the Sahara)

mangrove tropical tree with roots that extend both above and beneath water
savanna broad grassland in the Tropics with few trees
harmattan dry, dusty wind that blows south from the Sahara Desert
subsistence farm small plot where a farmer grows only enough food to feed his own family
cacao tropical tree whose seeds are used to make chocolate and cocoa
compound group of houses totally surrounded by one wall
civil war fight among different groups within a country
overgraze to allow livestock to strip areas so bare that plants cannot grow back
drought long period of exetreme dryness
desertification process of grasslands, marginal land or steppes drying up and changing to deserts
bauxite mineral used to make aluminum
phosphate mineral-salt used in fertilizers
canopy umbrella-like covering formed by the tops of trees in a rain forest
hydroelectric power electricity generated by flowing water
tsetse fly insect whose bite can kill cattle or humans with a deadly disease called sleeping sickness
deforestation widespread cutting of forests
coral reef structure at or near the water's surface formed by the skeletons of small sea animals
poaching illegal hunting of protected animals
free enterprise system economic system allowing people to own& run a busines w/limited(little) gov. intervention
cassava plant with roots that can be ground into flour to make bread or porridge
sisal plant fiber used to make rope and twine
habitat type of enviroment in which a particular animal species lives
ecotourist person who travels to an area to see it & help improve it while he/she is there
plantains kind of banana
autonomy self-government -strong enough country not to need a big brother country to help them run it
watershed region drained by a river
endangered species plant or animal under the threat of completely dying out
genocide mass murder of people because of their race, ethnicity, politics, culture or religion
refugee person who flees/runs to another country to escape persecution/harm or disaster
plate huge slab of rock that makes up the earth's crust
clan group of people related to one and other
industrilized country country in with lots of manufacturing occurs-more factories than subsistence farmers
Boers Dutch people(Netherlands/Holland) who were the first European settlers in S. Africa
apartheid system of laws that separated racial and ethnic groups and limited the rights of blacks in South Africa-very unfair to blacks
township crowded neighborhoods outside cities in South Africa where most non-whites (kept away from whites--very unfair to non-whites)
enclave small territory/country entirely surrounded by a larger country
slash-and-burn farming method of clearing land for planting by cutting and burning forests
cyclone intense/severe storm- heavy rain & high winds-a hurrican in the S.Pacific or Indian Ocean
copperbelt large area of copper mines in northern Zambia
sorghum tall grass with seeds that are used as grain and to make syrup
exclave small part of a country that is separated from it
Created by: petersen123