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The Judicial Branch

vocab for the civics book

Plaintiff? An individual or a group of people who bring a complaint against another party.
Defendant? The party who answers a complaint and defends against it
prosecution? A government body that brings a criminal charge against a defendant who is accused of breaking one of its laws
Precedent? A guideline for how all similar should be decided in the future
Original jurisdiction? The authority to hear a case first
appeal To ask a higher court to review the decision and determine if justice was done.
appellate jurisdiction? The authority to hear an appeal
Courts of appeal? Handle appeals from federal district courts
Circuit courts? Another name for courts of appeals
Judicial review? The power to overturn any law that the Court decides is in conflict with the Constitution
Judicial activism? An effort by judges to take an active role in policymaking by overturning laws relatively often
Judicial restraint? An effort by judges to avoid overturning laws and to leave policymaking up to the other tow branches of government
Created by: kblock11