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Cardiac Compromise

Anything dealing with Cardiac Compromise, V-Fib, V-Tach, PEA etc

Blanket term for any kind of heart problem? Cardiac Compromise
What is a common complaint from paitents with cardiac compromise? Pain, pressure, or discomfort that commonly radiates along the arms(usually left, cna be both), down to the upper abdomen, or to the jaw. Also dyspnea.
What is Bradycarida? Pulse rate of 60 beats per minute or lower.
What is Tachycarida? Pulse rate of 100 beats per minute or higher.
What are palpitations? Irregular or rapid heartbeats that feel like a fluttering senstaion in the chest.
What is Atherosclerosis? A build-up of fatty deposits on the inner walls of arteries. The bulid up causes a narrowing of the inner vessel diameter, restricting the flow of blood.
What is Arteriosclerosis? A stiffening or hardening of the artery wall resulting from calcium deposits. This causes the vessel to lose it's elasticity.
What is dysrhythmia? An irregular or absent heart rhythm.
What is the maxium dosage of Nitro tablets and over how long? 3 and 10
What is Acute Myocaridal Infarction? Condition in which portion of the heart muscle dies as a result of oxygen starvation.
What can cause an AMI? Coronary artery disease, chronic respiratory problems, unusual exertion, and severe emotional stress.
What is a beta blocker? A medications that slows the heart and makes it beat less strongly.
What causes Congestive Heart Failure? Excessive fluid build-up in the lungs and/or other organs and body parts because of the inadequate pumping of the heart.
What is the defintion of edema? Fluid build up, also known as swelling.
Pulmonary edema is what? Fluid accumulation in the lungs.
Pedal Edema is what and happens in what part of the body? When the right side of the heart gets congested blood backs up into the body. The blood tends to accumulate in the feet and ankles.
Define ventricular Fibrilation(V-Fib) A condition in which the heart's electrical impulses are disorganized, preventing the heart muscle from contracting normally.
Is V-Fib a shockable rhythm? Yes because defibrillation is effective.
Define Ventricular Tachycardia A condition in which the heartbeat is quite rapid; if rapid enough the heart chambers will not be able to fill with enough blood.
Is pulseless V-Tach a shockable rhythm? Yes it can still be effective.
Is a patient allowed to be shocked if they are awake and have a pulse even whenthe AED says 'shockable?' No because this would be inappropriate.
Define Pulseless Electrical Activity(PEA)? Electrical rhythm is still there but no pumping action is going on which causes cardiac arrest.
Is PEA a shockable rhythm? It is a nonshockable rhythm because even though the heart still has electrical activity, the heart has stopped which may indicate serious illness to the heart.
Define asystole A condition in which the heart has ceased generating electrical impulses.
Is asystole a shockable rhythm? It is a nonshockable rhythm because there is no electrical stimulus to make the heart contract and send blood through out the body.
cardiac arrest treatment sequence? Verify arrest, start CPR, apply AED and analyze, shock if indicated, check pulse, repeat is needed.
What is the max number of shocks that can be given to a patient? Three unless your protocols say otherwise.
What is the proper dose of electricity for an AED? Either 360 joules or 120-200 joules depending on the type.
What are containdications for an AED? Not on patients one year or younger. Not on trauma patients. Lastly, not on patients with hypothermia.
Created by: 738261881