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KHS Bureaucracy

iron triangle The policy-making network of interest groups, congressional committee, and government agency.
issue network Replacing the iron triangle, diverse groups brought together to promote a particular policy. Banded together for the one issue and then disperse.
legislative veto Congressional veto of an executive decision via a resolution which do not require Pres. signature. Ruled unconstitutional but Congress still passes laws containing.
Open Meeting Law 1976 law requiring gov. agency meetings to be open to the public.
oversight Congressional supervision of the bureaucracy.
patronage Bureaucratic appointments made on the basis of political considerations.
Pendleton Act (Civil Service Act) 1883 law which began the merit based system to replace the patronage system in government employment.
red tape a bureaucratic pathology in which complex rules and procedures must be followed to get things done
waste A bureaucratic pathology in which an agency spends more than is necessary to buy some product or service.
Whistleblower Protection Act 1989 law to protect gov. workers who report waste, fraud, or abuse in their agencies to Congress.
executive order A directive from the President to the gov. agencies having the force of law.
devolution An effort to scale back the size and activities of the national gov. and to shift responsibilities to the states. ie welfare, health care, and job training.
deregulation The removal of gov. regulations
regulation A principle, rule, or law designed to control or govern conduct
Administrative Procedure Act 1946 law requiring federal agencies to give notice, solicit comments, and (sometimes) hold public hearings before adopting any new rules.
annual authorization The practice of a legislative committee determining the amount an agency can spend on a yearly basis.
appropriation money formally set aside for a specific use
bureaucracy a large organization composed of appointed offercers in which authority is divided among several managers. Includes the cabinet, independent agencies, and the Executive Office.
conflict A bureaucratic pathology in which some agencies seem to be working at corss-purposes to other agencies.
duplication A bureaucratic pathology inwhich two or more government agencies seem to be doign the same thing.
Freedom of Information Act 1966 law giving citizens the right to inspect all government records except those containing military, intelligence, or trade secrets or material revealing private personnel actions.
Spoils system Another term for patronage in which gov. jobs are awarded for political favors
Hatch Act of 1939 A law which attempted to restrict the political activities of gov. employees.
executive agencies Perform administrative functions in the Executive Branch; head can be removed at any time. ie EPA, GSA, NASA, USPS, cabinet
independent agencies Perform administrative functions in the Executive Branch; head serves a fixed term and president can't remove. ie Fed, FCC, FDIC, FERC, FTC, NLRB, SEC
imperialism A bureaucratic pathology in which federal programs grow without regard to the benefits those programs provide or the costs entailed.
sunset laws Laws which contain an expiration date.
casework services performed by Congressmen or their staffers for their constituents.
cabinet An advisory group to the President which, by custom, includes the heads of the 15 major executive departments
Executive Office of the President Part of the bureaucracy which offers technical and managerial advice to the President. ie White House Office, OMB, CEA, NSC, US Trade Representative
quasi-legislative power a reference to the power of the bureaucracy to make rules and regulations with the force of law
quasi-judicial power a reference to the power of the bureaucracy to hold hearings and settle disputes regarding rules and regulations.
Federal Register publication of all government agencies rules and regulations
Hatch Act of 1993 Reforms to the Hatch Act of 1939 to encourage political activity by gov. employees on their own time.
reconciliation bill A single piece of legislation that typically includes multiple provisions all of which affect the federal budget. The only piece of legislation (other than a budget resolution) that cannot be filibustered on the Senate floor.
Created by: afailoni