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fluid, electrolyte, and acid - base imbalance

when blood pH falls below 7.35 as a result of an elevated concentration of hydrogen ions what occurs? Acidosis
whn blood pH increses above 7.45 what occurs? Alkalosis
What are buffers? Buffers are substances that attempt to maintain pH range or Hydorgen ion concentration in the presence of added acids or bases.
what are the 3 important buffer systems occuring in the body? the bicarbonate buffer system, the phospate buffer system and the protein buffer system.
where is the bicarbonate buffer system found and what is it? the bicarbonate buffer system is found in both extracellular and intracellular fluids and is the bodys primary buffer system.
what are the components of the bicarbonate buffer system? carbonic acid and sodium bicarbonate.
the phosphate buffer system is involved in regulating the pH of intracellular fluid and the fluid of what? the kidney tubules/
it has two phosphate compounds? sodium monohydrogen phosphate and sodium dihydrogen phosphate.
Proteins are complex substances formed when what bond when amino acids bond
each amino acid contains what? A carboxyl group and an amino group.
where is the protein buffer system found? inside cells especially in the hemoglobin of red blood cells where the proteins can act to maintain the pH inside the cell.
where else is the protein buffer system found? in the plasma.
Created by: fluandelec