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Musculoskeletal A&P

Exam III Musculoskeletal System A & P N. 314 assessment

QuestionAnswer
Name 4 Fuction of The Musculoskeletal System 1. Support, mobility 2. Protection internal organs 3. Production of RBC’s 4. Stores minerals Calcium,phosphorus
Skeleton--- Two structures Axial skeletal structure and appendicular structure
Axial structure consists of ? 7 parts? (head & Trunk)1.Skull 2. Facial bones 3. Auditory ossicles 4. Vertebrae 5.Ribs 6. Sternum 7. Hyoid bone
Auditory ossicles ossicles = A small bone, especially one of the three bones of the middle ear.
Appendicular skeleton consists of extermities, shoulders and hips
bones are composed of osseous tissue, bones can be divides into 2 types______ and ________ Compact bone = hard dense =shaft outer layers Spongey Bone= #"s spaces = ends & centers of the bones
Skeletal muscles-composed of? muscle fibers (fasciculi)arranged in bundles and joined by connective tissue that attach to bones and facilitate movement. Skeletal muscles attach to bone by strong fibrous cords AKA = tendons
Name the 3 types of muscle smooth, skeletal, cardiac
Some muscles move by reflex but all 650 skeletal muscles are under ??? voluntary control.
The functional unit of the muscular skeletal system = Joints-
Definition-where two or more bones meet Joint / articulation
Joints are classified as ___, ____, or____ Cartilaginous joints,Synovial joints- Fibrous joints
Cartilaginous joints- joints between vertebrae are joined togeather by cartilage
Synovial joints- areas of shoulder,hips,wrists, knees, ankles = space between joint filled w/synovial fluid
Bursae synovial joints contain bursae=sacs filled w/ synovial fluid =coushion joint.
Lack of S.F. in bursa Not enough lubricant = pain arthritis, bone on bone=caused by child manual labor
Ligaments Connect Bone 2 Bone = like to Like
Tendons Connect Muscle 2 Bone
Ligaments function = 1 Hold bone to bone 2 Promote support 3 Support bone movement
Tendons r located ? Why? ends of muscles to attach muscle to bone
The function of cartilage-=? 1 forms a cap over bones 2-Provides smooth joint movement 3 Absorbs weight and stress
Range Of Motion Know what each joint is able to do
Abduction Moving away from the midline of the body
Adduction Moving toward the midline of the body
circumduction circular motion (pg. 500 Weber pics)
Eversion moving outward from the midline
Inversion Moving inward toward the midline
Extension Straightening the extermity @ the joint & increasing angle of the joint
Flexion bending the extermity @ the joint and decreasing the angle of the joint
Pronation Turning or facing downward (anatomacol perspective) ie palms facing floor
sUPination turning or facing upward ie palms facing ceiling
Protraction moving foward
retraction moving backwards
Rotation Turning head over 2 the right shoulder, than back to midline: Next turning head over to the left shoulder and back 2 midline
One of the functions of a bone is to ? PRODUCE BLOOD CELLS
bones contain yellow marow that is composed of ? fat
part of the bone that covers the bone and contains osteoblasts and blood vessels is termed ? periosteum
skeletal muscles are attached to bones by ? tendons
osteoblasts A cell from which bone develops; a bone-forming cell.
joints may be classified as cartilaginous synovial or fibrous
bones in synovial joints are joined togeather by ligaments
when the nurse moves the client's arm away from the midline of the body the nurse is performing? abduction
when the nurse moves a client's leg upward, the nurse is performing supination
the subacromial bursae are contained in the ? shoulder joint
articulation between the head of the femur and the acetabulum is in the? hip joint
acetabulum Anatomy. The cup-shaped cavity at the base of the hipbone into which the ball-shaped head of the femur fits.
client = joint pain in her hands + morning assess further for signs of ? arthritis
arthritis Inflammation of a joint, usually accompanied by pain, swelling, and stiffness, and resulting from infection, trauma, degenerative changes, metabolic disturbances, or other causes. It occurs in various forms, such as bacterial arthritis, osteoarthritis, or
client = insulin dependent diabetes complains painful hip joints client should be asessed 4 signs & symptoms of ? (blank)
osteomyelitis A usually bacterial infection of bone and bone marrow in which the resulting inflammation can lead to a reduction of blood supply to the bone.
osteomyelitisfemale client began menarche @ age 16 nurse should instruct that she is @ a high risk 4 ? osteoporosis
menarche The first menstrual period, usually occurring during puberty.
client = cast = fractured arm to promote healing of the bone tissue nurse should instruct client eat a diet high in ? vitaimin C
vitaimin C An essential nutrient found mainly in fruits and vegetables. The body requires vitamin C to form and maintain bones, blood vessels, and skin.
client eats sardines every day the nurse should instruct the client that a diet high in purines can contribute to ? gouty artheritis
gouty artheritis A disturbance of uric-acid metabolism occurring chiefly in males, characterized by painful inflammation of the joints, especially of the feet and hands, and arthritic attacks resulting from elevated levels of uric acid in the blood and the deposition of u
purines a substance that is part of the structure of guanine and adenine, molecules that combine to form DNA
client = osteomalacia nurse = decrease risk factors diet = adaquet amounts of ? vitamin D
osteomalacia A disease occurring mostly in adult women that results from a deficiency in vitamin D or calcium and is characterized by a softening of the bones with accompanying pain and weakness.
vitamin D A fat-soluble vitamin occurring in several forms, especially vitamin D2 or vitamin D3, required for normal growth of teeth and bones, and produced in general by ultraviolet irradiation of sterols found in milk, fish, and eggs.
flattened lumbar curveature=possible herniated disc
lateral curvature of the thoracic spine w/ increase in convexity of the left curved side could be experiencing? scoliosis
client = lower back pain past several days to perform Las'egue's test nurse should ask the client to lie flat and raise legs to the point of pain
shooting pain in both legs = herniated intervertebral disc
herniated intervertebral disc Pain along the sciatic nerve usually caused by a herniated disk of the lumbar region of the spine and radiating to the buttocks and to the back of the thigh.
client = ROM in shoulder = pain limited abduction muscle weakness = ? rotarator cuff tear
rotarator cuff tear otator cuff tears are problems of the rotator cuff muscles of the shoulder. One or more rotator cuff tendons may become inflamed from overuse, aging, a fall on an outstretched hand, or a collision. Sports requiring repeated overhead arm motion or occupati
client= chronic pain severe limit of all shoulder movement= ? calcified tendonitis
calcified tendonitis calcified =Consisting of, or containing, calcareous matter or lime salts; calcareous.tendonitis=Inflammation of a tendon.
ROM in shoulder client cannot shrug shoulder ? possible lesion in cranial nerve # ? XI spinal accessory
elbow = pain & swealling acess 4 ? arthritis
client =Dupuytren's contracture client will exibit? inabality to extend ring & little finger
Dupuytren's contracture Dupuytren contracture is a localized formation of scar tissue beneath the skin of the palm of the hand. The scarring accumulates in a tissue (fascia) that normally covers the tendons that pull the fingers to grip. As Dupuytren contracture progresses, more
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Created by: garrowcousino