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Geo ch.12 (2)

Services and Settlements - Rural/Urban Settlements and Urbanization

clustered rural settlements an agricultural-based community in which several families live near each other, with fields surrounding the collection of houses and farm buildings
circular clustered rural settlement consists of a central open space surrounded by structures
Maasai people sub-Saharan Africa, pastoral nomads who build circular settlements called kraal, livestock in the center and houses surround
kraal circular settlements built by the Maasai people
linear clustered rural settlement comprise buildings clustered along a road, river, or dike to facilitate communications
old clustered rural settlement pattern central common surrounded by the church, school, and various houses
dispersed rural settlement characterized by farmers living on individual farms isolated from neighbors rather than alongside other farmers in settlements
enclosure movement in the UK between 1750 and 1850 - resulted in the consolidation of individually owned strips of land surrounding villages into large farms owned by single individuals
4 urban hearths Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, and Indus River Valley
early consumer services places to bury the dead, places for ceremonies and dwellings
early business services places to store food and trade, officials set fair prices, kept record, and created currency
1st settlements 2500 BCE, trading center that provided govt, military protection, and other services - organized into city-states - places for families and manufacturing centers
Rome empire’s center for administration, commerce, culture, and all other services - the world’s most populous city 2,000 years ago and may have been the first city to reach a half million inhabitants
feudal lords gave residents charters of rights with which to establish independent cities in exchange for their military service
churches the tallest and most elaborate structures
urbanization the process by which the population of urban settlements grows
2 dimensions of urbanization increase in % and number of people living in urban settlements
Louis Wirth argued during the 1930s that an urban dweller follows a different way of life than does a rural dweller
3 characteristics of a city large size, high population density, socially heterogeneous people
percent urban of developed country 79%
percent urban of developing country 50%
megacity an urban settlement with a total population in excess of 10 million people (Osaka, Moscow, Los Angeles, Paris, London, and Nagoya in developed countries)
metacity has more than 20 million people (Tokyo, Seoul, and New York in developed countries)
London 1st city to exceed 5 million, around 1900
New York City 1st city to exceed 10 million, around 1940
Tokyo current world's largest city
Jakarta, Indonesia may become the world's largest city by 2030
Created by: imr36093
Popular Geography sets




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