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Geo ch.11

Industry and Energy - Industrial Areas

hearth of modern industry northern England and southern Scotland during the second half of the 18th century – diffused to Europe and North America in 19th century and other regions in 20th century
the Industrial Revolution a series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods
cottage industry home-based manufacturing before the industrial revolution
technology the catalyst of the industrial revolution
steam engine invention most important to the development of factories
James Watt patented the steam engine in 1769 in Glasgow, Scotland
Richard Arkwright a barber and wigmaker in Preston, England; in 1768 invented machines to untangle cotton prior to spinning
John Roebuck and Samuel Garbett established a factory in 1746 to bleach cotton with sulfuric acid obtained from burning coal
Nicolas Appert a French confectioner, in 1810 canned food in glass bottle sterilized in boiling water
UK steel and textiles, new high-tech industries
Mid-Rhine high-value goods
NE Spain textile industry and country's largest motor vehicle plant
Po Basin textile center, uses hydroelectric power from the Alps
Silesia most rapidly growing in 21st century, skilled but low paid workforce
Donetsk one of the world's largest coal reserves
Moscow Russia's oldest industrial region
Volga Russia's largest petroleum and natural gas fields
St. Petersburg Russia's 2nd largest city, shipbuilding
Urals world's most varied collection of minerals
Kuznetsk Russia's most important manufacturing district east of the Urals, country's largest coal reserves and lots of iron
Rhine-Ruhr Valley center of iron and steel manufacturing, contains Rotterdam: Europe's largest port
SE Ontario Canada's most important industrial area
N California leading center for social media, biotech, software, and electronic devices
S California country's largest area for textiles, 2nd largest for furniture, and major food processing center
W Great Lakes center of nation's transportation network and steel production
Pittsburgh - Lake Eerie leading steel producing area in the 19th century because of proximity to Appalachian coal and iron
Mid Atlantic largest US markets, attracts industries that need proximity to lots of customers and depend on foreign trade
New England cotton textile center in 19th century
Mohawk Valley uses inexpensive electricity generated at Niagra Falls
China world's largest supply of low-cost labor and world's largest market for consumer products
Japan initially produced goods sold in large quantities at cut-rate prices to other countries, now manufacture high quality electronics
South Korea focuses on export-oriented manufacturers, leading producer of oceangoing ships
Created by: imr36093
Popular Geography sets




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