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Urinary Elimination

Chapter 27- Fundamentals of Nursing Book

QuestionAnswer
Anuria The absence of urine
Dysuria Painful or difficult urination.
Frequency The need to urinate at short intervals.
Hematuria Blood in the urine.
Oliguria Urine output less than 400 ml in 24 hours.
Nocturia Frequent urination after going to bed.
Polyuria Excessive urination.
Proteinuria The presence of protein.
Pyuria Pus in the urine.
Urgency A sudden and almost uncontrollable need to urinate.
Acute renal failure An acute rise in the serum creatinine level of 25% or more. May be cause by inadequate blood flow or injury to kidney.
End-stage renal disese A permanent rise in the serum creatinine level associated with loos of kidney function that must be treated with dialysis.
Nephropathy Disease of the kidney.
Nephrotoxic A substance that damages kidney tissue. Such as antibiotics, NSAIDs, lead and contrast media.
Enuresis Lack of control of urination especially during sleep; bed-wetting; urinary incontinence.
Renal calculi Kidney Stones
Micturition The act of passing urine.
Neobladder An operation which is performed in patients who have their bladder removed because of bladder cancer and a new bladder is made with a part of intestine.
Neurogenic bladder Urinary problem in which the bladder does not empty properly due to a neurological condition.
Post-void residual volume The amount of residual urine in the bladder after a voluntary void.
Specific gravity An indicator of urine concentration, can be measured with a reagent strip. A measure of dissolved solutes in a solution.
Ileal conduit A small piece of ileum is removed with blood and nerve supply. One end of the segment is closed and then placed on abdominal way to make a stoma. The result is a small pouch into which the ureters are implanted. Urine drains from stoma.
Created by: sweetpea3