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Geo ch.8

Political Geography

state an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs
microstates states with very small land areas
China People’s Republic of China
Taiwan Republic of China
Fertile Crescent arc between Persian Gulf and Mediterranean Sea
Mesopotamia eastern Fertile Crescent, Tigris and Euphrates rivers, Iraq
city-state a sovereign state that comprises a town and the surrounding countryside
nation a large group of people who are united by common cultural characteristics
nation-state a state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular nation
self-determination the concept that nations have the right to govern themselves
Versailles Peace Conference leaders met after WWI to redraw the map of Europe
Isaiah Bowman advisor to Woodrow Wilson, important in redrawing the map of Europe
James Fearon measured how ethnically diverse each country is
Nakhichevan separated from Azerbaijan by a 40-km corridor that belongs to Armenia
Lithuania Roman Catholic, speak Balto-Slavic Indo-European language
Latvia Lutheran, speak Baltic language
Estonia Protestant, speak Uralic language related to Finnish
Dniester River territory that used to be part of Ukraine, inhabitants oppose reuniting with Romania
Tajikstan Civil war 1992-1997 between Tajiks (former Communists) and Muslim fundamentalists and Western-oriented intellectuals
multinational state a state that contains more than one nation
colony a territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than being completely independent
Puerto Rico commonwealth of the US
Greenland autonomous unit within the Kingdom of Denmark
Hong Kong and Macao special administrative region of China
colonialism an effort by one country to establish settlements in a territory and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles on that territory
colonial era began in the 1400s when Europeans discovered the Americas
Berlin Conference of 1884-85 Europeans decided to convert Africa into colonies
United Nations the most important forum for cooperation among states
balance of power a condition of roughly equal strength between opposing alliances
Cuban Missile Crisis 1962: Soviet Union started building missile-launching sites in Cuba
Soviet Ambassador Valerian Zorin denied that his country had placed missiles in Cuba
U.S. Ambassador Adlai Stevenson dramatically revealed U.S. Department of Defense aerial photographs clearly showing preparations for Russian missiles in Cuba
Security Council any one of the 5 members - China, France, Russia, the UK, and the US can veto a peacekeeping operation
democracy a country in which citizens elect leaders and can run for office
autocracy a country that is run according to the interests of the ruler rather than the people
anocracy a country that is not fully democratic or fully autocratic, but rather displays a mix of the two types
unitary state most power is placed in the hands of central government officials - common in Europe
federal state strong power is allocated to units of local government - most of the world’s largest states - Russia, Canada, Brazil, India, and the United States
Fragile States Index measures the relative stability of every country - fairness of the legal system, extent of youth unemployment, level of violence, and freedom to express diverse political views
weapon of mass destruction a nuclear, biological, chemical, or other weapon that can kill and bring significant harm to a large number of humans or cause great damage to human-made structures, natural structures, or the biosphere
Saddam Hussein employed chemical weapons against Kurds and Iranians during the 1980s
Operation Desert Storm drove Iraq out of Kuwait
European Union (EU) economic alliance in Europe, formed in 1958 with 6 members
Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON) economic alliance in Europe, formed in 1949 with 6 members - promoted trade and sharing natural resources - disbanded in 1991
Brexit the UK’s withdrawal from the EU in 2016
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) military alliance in Europe - 16 states in Europe plus the US and Canada
The Warsaw Pact military alliance in Europe - Communist Eastern European countries - disbanded in 1991
Created by: imr36093
Popular Geography sets




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