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Medic ter

Medical terminology

a malformation of the skull due to premature closure of the sutures craniostenosis
inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone osteomyelitis
thinner than average bone density in a younger person osteopenia
loosening of ankylosed joint arthrolysis
an bone marrow transplant done by transfering from a healthy host such as a sibiling allogenic
surgical repair of damaged cartilage chondroplasty
surgical removal of a portion of the skull craniectomy
surgical fracture to correct deformity osteoclasis
surgical incisioning or sectioning of the bone osteotomy
slow growing benign tumor derived from cartilage cells chondroma
blood within a joint space hemarthrosis
partial displacement of a bone from its joint subluxation
an abnormal increase in the OUTWARD curvature of the thoracic spine kyphosis
inflammation of the periosteum periostitis
commonly known as the hip socket acetabulum
the upper leg bone is also the largest bone in the body femur
ligament which allows movement within the knees cruciate
specialist in the diagnosing and treatment of the feet podiatrist
abnormal softening of cartilage chondromalacia
degenerative disorder that can cause the loss of normal spinal structure and function spondylosis
type of joint which allows for the greatest flexibility of movement synovial joint
type of bone fracture associated with osteoporosis colles' fracture
which is the shorter smaller bone of the forearm radius
a structure which protects and covers the joint surfaces articular cartilage
the opening in the bone through which blood vessels, nerves, and ligaments pass. foramen
the bone which is the larger weight bearing bone of the lower leg. tibia
portion of the long bone located nearest the midline proximal epiphysis
the abnormal softening of cartilage chondromalacia
inflammation of the bone and bone marrow osteomyelitis
surgical incision into the skull craniotomy
formation of blood cells hemopoietic
long slender cells which comprise the muscle muscle fibers
sheet or band of fibrous connective tissue that covers, supports, and separates muscle fascia
narrow band of non-elastic dense connective tissue that attaches MUSCLE TO BONE. tendon
attatches the gastrocnemius muscle to the heel bone achilles tendon
connects BONE TO BONE ligament
similar to tendon in that it connects muscle to bone, but in addition it also connects to other tissues aponeurosis
attach to the bones of the skeleton. Striated, Voluntary skeletal muscle
walls of internal organs. Unstriated, involuntary smooth muscle (visceral)
muscle wall of the heart, like skeletal muscle in appearance (striated) and like smooth muscle in action (involuntary) cardiac muscle (myocardium/myocardial)
normal state of balanced muscle tension muscle tone (tonus)
activation of the muscle by an impulse sent by a motor nerve muscular innervation
pertaining to the relationship between muscle and nerve neuromuscular
movement away from the midline of the body abduction (ab-from)
movement toward the midline of the body adduction (ad-towards)
movement which decreases angle (bending) flexion
movement which increases angle (straightening) extension
means straight rectus
muscle of the anterior upper arm which aides in flexion of the elbow biceps brachii
muscle of the posterior arm which aides in the extension of the elbow triceps brachii
muscle of the anterior thigh which aides in the extension of the upper thigh (femur) quadriceps femoris
band of fibrious tissue which holds structures together that shouldn't be... abnormal adhesion
a chronic and progressive disease affecting the skeletal muscles that is characterized by muscle weakness and atrophy polymyositis
protrusion of a part or structure through the tissue that is normally containing it hernia
protrusion of the muscle through its ruptured sheath or fascia myocele
lack of muscle tone atonic (a-lack of, tonic/tonus- muscle tone)
abnormal muscle tone dystonia
delayed relaxation of muscle after contraction myotonia (charlie horse)
inability to coordinate ataxia
difficulty in controlling movements dystaxia (partial ataxia)
abnormal shortening of a muscle contracture
complex of symptoms including cramp like pain in the leg muscles caused by poor circulation intermittent claudication
sudden and violent contracture of the muscle spasm/cramp
stiff neck due to the spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles that pull on the affected side of the head toward the affected side spasmodic torticollis (wryneck)
extreme slowness of movement bradykinesia
distortion of impairment of voluntary motion as in a tic or spasm dyskinesia
late appearance of dyskinesia as a side effect of long term treatment with certain antipsychotic drugs tardive dyskinesia
spasm or twitching of muscle or group of muscles myoclonus (clon-violent action, us-singular noun ending)
jerking of the limbs may occur normally as a person is falling asleep nocturnal myoclonus
hiccups singultus
muscle weakness from any cause myasthenia (asthenia-weakness/lack of strength)
chronic autoimmune disease in which there is an abnormality in the neuromuscular function causing episodes of muscle weakness. most often effect facial muscles myasthenia gravis (MG)
inherited muscular disorders that cause muscle weakness without affecting the nervous system. those that most commonly affect males DUCHENNES MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY (DMD) and BECKERS MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY (BMD) muscular dystrophy
younger male MD DMD
less severe and occurs later on MD BMD
chronic disorder of unknown cause, characterized by widespread aching pain, tender points, and fatigue. not progressive or crippling Fibromyalgia Syndrome
study of human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and work environment (e.g.design of sports equipment) Ergonomics
occurs when the tendons and nerves that pass through the carpal tunnel are chronically overused and become inflamed and swollen, this swelling creates pressure on the median nerve as it passes through the carpal tunnel= pain, swelling, tingling. Carpal tunnel syndrome
nerve pain caused by pressure on the spinal nerve roots in the neck region, caused by frequent motion, or compression of cervical vertebra cervical radiculopathy
inflammation and pain of the tissue surrounding the elbow epicondylitis
pain on outer side of the forearm lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow)
pain on palm side of forearm medial epicondylitis (golfer's elbow)
thickening on the surface of the calacaneus bone heel spur
medication which acts to control spasmodic activity anticholinergic drug (antispasmodic)
surgical removal of a lesion fron a tendon or tendon sheath tenectomy
suture end of tendon to bone tenodesis (desis-bind or tie together)
free tendon from adhesions tenolysis
surgical removal of a part of a tendon for the purspose of shortening it tenONectomy (DIFFERENT FROM TENECTOMY)
surgical division of tendon for relief due to abnormal shortening of a muslce (cross eyes) Tenotomy
suturing of divided tendon tenorraphy (rraphy- suture)
Double walled membranous sac that encloses the heart pericardium
prevents friction when the heart beats pericardial fluid
separating wall of partition septum
upper chambers where all the blood vessels coming in enter atria
lower chambers where all the blood leaving the heart exit here ventricles
Natural pacemaker of the heart which causes both atria to contract simultaneously Sinoatrial node
transmits the impulse of the hearts muscles to the bundle of His. atriovantricular node (A-V node)
vein phleb
abnormal swelling of the veins vericose veins
debris within the blood vessels embolus
any abnormal or pathological condition of the blood dyscrasia
color chromat
scrasia blending,mixture
genetic disorder in which the intestines absorb too much iron the excess enters the bloodstream and accumulates in organs where it causes damage hemochromatosis
presence of pathogenic microorganisms or their toxins in the blood septicemia (blood poisoning)
abnormally high amino acid levels homocysteine
abnormally high counts of lipids, cholestrol, and tryglycerides hyperlipidemia
higher abnormal leukocytes LEUKEMIA
low levels of RBC anemia
big daddy RBC with an a reduced ability to carry O2 magaloblastic anemia
destructive, fatal, harmful pernicious
group of genetic disorders characterized by short lived RBC that lack the normal ability to carry hemoglobin Thalassemia (cooley's anemia)
of unknown cause idiopathic
through the skin percutaneous
Created by: sunvia712