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Psych Chapter 3

Stress the interpretation of specific events as threatening or challenging the physical and psychological reactions to stress known as the stress response
Stressor A trigger or stimulus that induces stress
Cataclysmic event A stressful occurrence that occurs suddenly and generally affects many people simultaneously
Chronic stress A continuous state of arousal in which demands are perceived as greater than the inner and outer resources available for dealing with them
Conflict A forced choice between two or more incompatible goals or impulses
Hassle Small problems of daily living that may accumulate and become a major source of stress
Burnout A state of psychological and physical exhaustion resulting from chronic exposure to high levels of stress, with little personal control
Frustration The unpleasant tension, anxiety, and heightened sympathetic activity resulting from a blocked goal
SAM system our body's initial, rapid-acting stress response, involving the sympathetic nervous system and the adrenal medulla
HPA axis our body's delayed stress response involving the hypothalamus, pituitary, and adrenal cortex
Homeostasis Our body's tendency to maintain equilibrium
Psychoneuroimmunology The interdisciplinary field that studies the effects of psychological and other factors of the immune system
Positive affect The experience or expression of positive feelings including happiness and enthusiasm
Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) A long lasting, trauma and stressor-related disorder that overwhelms an individual's ability to cope
Health psychology A subfield of psychology that studies how people stay healthy, why they become ill, and how they respond when they become ill
Problem focused coping The strategies we use to deal directly with a stressor to eventually decrease or eliminate it
Emotion focused coping The strategies we use to relieve or regulate our emotional reactions to a stressful situation
Defense Mechanisms Freud's term for the strategies the ego uses to reduce anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality
Interval locus of control The belief that we control our own fate
External locus of fate The belief that chance or outside forces beyond our control determine our fate
MBSR A stress reduction strategy based on developing a state of consciousness that attends to ongoing events in a receptive and non judgemental way
Created by: Mbitler18
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