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Interest Group/s

Chapter 11 Vocab

Vocab WordDefinition
Interest Groups A group who seeks to influence public policy.
Client Politics When an organized minority or interest group benefits at the expense of the public.
Political Cues A signal telling the official what values are at stake in an issue. (who is for or against an issue and that issue fits into their political ideology)
Intergovernmental Lobby When two levels lobby each other.
Institutional Interest Groups Organizations who represent other organizations.
Public Interest Lobby When the purpose of the organization will principally benefit nonmembers.
Membership Interest Groups Individual members that make up the organization.
Ratings Designed to generate public support/oppose for various legislators.
Incentives Something of value they cannot get without joining.
Solidary Incentives Sense of pleasure status you get from joining or companionship that arises out of meeting together in small groups.
Material Incentives Money, things, and services readily valued in monetary terms.
Purposive Incentives The appeal to their stated goals(Ideological Appeal).
Ideological Interest Groups Organizations that attract members by appealing to their interest in a coherent set of controversal principles.
(PIRGS) Public Interest Research Groups Student activism/involvement on current community issues.
Lobbyist Interest Group who gather information and present it in as organized, persuasive, and factual manner as possible.
Social Movement Widely shared demand for change in some aspect of the social or political order.
League of Women Voters To educate and organize women for the purpose of using their right effectively.
(WEAL) Women's Equity Action League A specific caucus that has a material benefit for women. Obtains grants from foundations and government agencies.
(NOW) National Organization for Women Feminist movement for purposive incentives.
(NARAL) National Abortion Rights Action League Proabortion Activists
"Beltway Bandits" Many large national for-profit firms with trade representatives or other lobbyists in Washington who do most or all of their business by winning federal grants and contracts.
Direct Mail Mailing listings online and bombarding them with paid e-mails to get you to join their lobby.
Insider Strategy Lobbyists working closely with a few key members of Congress, meeting them privately to exchange information and favors.
Outsider Strategy New technology can get news out quickly and link interested citizens all over the country.
Issue Public Part of the public that is directly affected by or deeply concerned with a government policy.
The "Dirty Dozen" A lobbying group that claimed that voting against bills on the environment were necessary to protect the environment.
(NRA) National Rifle Association A group dedicated to shooting instruction and to have and use firearms.
(PAC) Political Action Committee Organizations set up to raise money from individual donors that is given to favored political allies in and out of Congress.
The "Revolving Door" Exchanges favors that may give private interest a way to improperly influence government decisions.
Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act(1946) Requires groups and individuals seeking to influence legislation to register with the secretary of the Senate and the clerk of the house and to file quarterly financial Reports.
Created by: cg_love007