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Ethics ch 5

Ethics chapter 5 Potter and Perry

QuestionAnswer
What topic covers the consideration of standards and conduct or the study of philosophical ideals of right and wrong? Ethics
How is ethics different form legal issues? Ethics has a broader base of interest and includes personal behavior, issues of character like kindness, tolerance, and generosity.
What is a personal belief held about the worth held for an idea, custom, or object? Value
________usually refer to judgment about behavior with a tendency to reflect the character of the social setting from which they come. Morals
_________is the study of the ideals of right and wrong. Ethics
What is the study of ethics with the field of health care called? Bioethics or clinical ethics
What does autonomy mean in regards to respecting our patients? Autonomy represents an agreement to respect the patient's right to determine a course of action. In other words, respecting the patient's right to determine the course of their life.
What ethical principle is likely to come up in discussions about health care resources? Justice
Autonomy Independence; self-determination; self-reliance
Justice Fairness or Equity
Fidelity Faithfulness; Striving to keep promises
Beneficence Actively seeking benefits; promotion of good
Nonmaleficence Actively seeking to do no harm
What term refers to the agreement to keep promises? Fidelity
What ethical principle requires that we put the patient's best interest over self-interest? Beneficence
What ethical principle requires that we weigh benefits against potential harm to our patient? Nonmaleficence
1. The nurse, in all professional relationships, paractices with compassion and respect for teh inherent dignity, worth and uniqueness ................. ....of every individual, unrestricted by considerations of social or economic status, personal attributes, or the nature of health problems.
2. The nurse primary commitment is to the patient.... whether and individual, family, group, or community.
3. The nurse promotes advocates for and strives to ....... protect the health, safety, and rights of the patient.
4. The nurse is responsible and accountable for individual nursing practice and determinse the appropriate delegation ....... of task consistent with the nurse's obligation to provide optimum patient care.
5. The nurse owes the same duties to self as to oterhs, including the responsibility to preserve integrity and safety........... to maintain competence, and to contiue personal and professional growth.
6. The nurse participates in establishing, maintaining, and improving health care environments and conditions of employment conducive...... ..to the provision of quality health care and consistent with the values of the profession through individual and collective action
7. The nurse participates in teh advancement of the profession through contributions to paractice, education, administrations, ..... and knowledge development.
8. The nurse collaborates with other health professionals and the public in .... promoting community, national, and international efforts to health needs.
9. The profession of nursing, as represented by associations and their members, is responsible for .... articulating nursing values, for maintaining the integrity of the profession and its practice, and for shaping social policy.
What refers to the execution of duties associated with a nurse's particular role. Responsibility
What refers to the ability to answer for your actions? Accountability
What concept is addressed by HIPAA? Confidentiality
What, in a nut shell, does HIPAA say? Don't disclose patient information without the patient's consent.
Are we allow to copy medical records or send them to their new doctor? If we have the patient's consent.
What trait refers to a nurses ability to specific knowledge and skills to perform a task? Competence
Making sure that we know about a drug before we administer it is an example of practicing what? Competence
What refers to the ability to form an opinion or draw sound conclusions? Judgment
What involves giving patients the information they need to make decisions and then supporting those decisions? Advocacy
What is an ethical dilemma? When the right thing to do is not clear.
How will a clear understanding of the patient's point of view help you in an ethical dilemma? A clear understanding of the patient's point of view will help you speak for the patient even if your own point of view differs.
How does Deontology work? A decision is deemed ethical if it promotes justice, autonomy, fidelity, beneficence, and nonmaleficence.
What are some difficulties with Deontology? Situations arise in which a person must choose between conflicting principles and people do not always agree on the definition of the principles.
How does Utilitarianism work? Whe determine the value of something by its usefulness- the greatest good for the greatest number of people.
What is the main difference between Utilitarianism and Deontology? Utilitarianism is focused on outcome. Deontology is focused on pure presence of principle and the essence of right and wrong based on the principles.
What ethical system asks how ethical decisions will affect women? Feminist Ethics
Which developmental theorist felt that moral development occurs in measurable, predictable stages with the most complex stage, justice, being reached more often by boys than girls? Kohlberg
Who argued that Kohlberg's theory was gender biased and proposed that girls pay attention to community and circumstances where boys employ principles determined abstractly? Gilligan
Which ethical system purposes that the autonomy of the mother has priority over autonomy of the fetus? Feminist ethics
Which ethical system pays special attention to the nursing point of view and the nursing practice? Ethics of care
What does Leininger say about care? Care is the ..."central and unifying domain for the body of knowledge and pracitces in nursing."
What word comes from an old english term meaning "sorrow" or "troubled state of mind". Care
How does Ethic of care differ from other systems? It focuses on relationships (caring) rather than applying universal principles that are analytical or intellectual.
What are the seven steps for processing an ethical dilemma? 1. Determine if it is an ethical dilemma. 2. Gather all relevant info. 3. Examine your opinions and values 4. State the probelm 5. Consider course of action. 6. Negotiate outcome. 7. Evaluate Action
How do you know if you have an ethical dilemma? Review of scientific data does not resolve, The question is perplexing, the answer will have profound relevance
Why do we have to consider our own opinions and values in order to process ethical dilemmas? It allows us to distinguish our values from the other parties involved and be a more effective listener.
In which step of processing an ethical dilemma are we considering the pro's and con's of the available options? 6. Negotiate the outcome.
In a nut shell, what dilemma is presented by the nursing shortage? How to provide safe care to a manageable number of patients without turning people away who need care.