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Geo ch.1

This is Geography

place a specific point on earth
region an area of earth defined by 1 or more distinctive characteristics
scale the relationship between the portion of earth being studied and earth as a whole
space the physical gap or interval between 2 objects
connection the relationship among people and objects across the barrier of space
map a 2d or flat scale model of earth's surface, or a portion of it
cartography the science of mapmaking
2 map purposes reference tool and communications tool
GIS science the analysis of data about earth acquired through satellite and other electronic information technology
global positioning system (GPS) captures stores, queries, and displays geographic data
remote sensing the acquisition of data about earth's surface from a satellite orbiting earth or from other long distance methods
photogrammy the science of taking measurements of earth's surface from photographs
volunteered geographic information (VGI) the creation and dissemination of geographic data contributed voluntarily and for free by individuals
geotagging the identification and storage of information by its precise latitude and longitude
mashup map that overlays data from 1 source on top of a map provided by a mapping service
participatory GIS (PGIS) community based mapping
ratio scale 1:1,000,000
written scale 1 inch = 1 mile
graphic scale shown as a line on map
projection the scientific method of transferring locations on earth's surface to a flat map
types of distortion shape, distance, relative size, and direction
longitude basis for calculating time
meridian an arc connecting the north and south poles. The location of each is identified according to a numbering system known as longitude.
parallel a circle around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians. The numbering system to indicate it is latitude.
isoline map connects with lines all the places that have particular values
dot distribution map depicts data as points and shows how those points are clustered together or spread out over an area
choropleth map recognizable areas are shaded or patterned in proportion to the measurement of the variable
graduated symbol map displays symbols that change in size according to the value of the variable
cartogram map where the size of an area is proportional to the value of a particular variable
location the position that something occupies on earth's surface
absolute location describes the position of a place in a way that never changes
toponym the name given to a place on earth
site the physical character of a place
situation/relative location a place's location relative to other places
Created by: imr36093
Popular Geography sets




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