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Southwest Asia

Countries, Capitals, Cities, Physical Features, Religion

What is the capital of Saudi Arabia? Riyadh
What is the capital of Yemen? Sanaa
What is the capital of Oman? Muscat
What is the capital of Iraq? Baghdad
What is the capital of Syria? Damascus
What is the capital of Jordan? Amman
What is the capital of Iran? Tehran
What is the capital of Afghanistan? Kabul
What is the capital of Kuwait? Kuwait
What is the capital of Turkey? Ankara
What is the capital of Israel? Jerusalem
What is the capital of United Arab Emirites? Abu Dubai
What is the capital of Qatar? Doha
What is the capital of Bahrain? Manama
What is the capital of Lebanon? Beruit
What is the capital of Cyprus? Nicosia
What is physical geography? Physical geography is the study of natural features like mountains, oceans, and rivers on the earth's surface.
What country predominantly sits on the Anotolian Peninsula? Turkey
What country located on the Arabian Peninsula is the largest? Saudi Arabia
Why are the Tigris River, Euphrates River, Jordan River, Red Sea, and Suez-Canal important? These waterways are important for trade and access to other countries.
Why is water such a valuable resource in Southwest Asia? Fresh water is scarce, so what water they can find is very valuable.
Why is the Rub al-Khali desert significant (important)? The Rub al-Khali is the most extreme desert in the world with temperatures up to 150 degrees.
How has petroleum (oil) affected the economy of Southwest Asia? Southwest Asia has over 50% of the world's oil reserves and can sell it for a high price to other countries like the United States in order to gain wealth.
What are examples of Human-Environment in Southwest Asia? People have done many things to the environment in order to find fresh water and oil.
What is an oasis? An oasis is a place where water from an underground aquifer has reached the surface; it supports vegetation and wildlife.
Why are the coast lands in Southwest Asia heavily populated? Coast lands are close to water, which makes the climate milder and allows access to trade by sea.
What is drip irrigation? It is the practice of using small pipes that slowly drip water just above the ground to conserve water to use for crops.
Why is the Dead Sea named like this? The Dead Sea was given its name because it is so salty that hardly anything can live in it.
What mountain range streches along the coast of Iran? Zagros Mountains
Why is control of the Suez-Canal so important? This is the only waterway that accesses the Mediterranean Sea on the East side of Africa.
What are the seas that surround or touch Southwest Asia? Mediterranean, Black, Caspian, Red, Arabian, Aral, Dead
What is Islam? A monotheistic religion based on the teachings of Muhammad.
Why is Mecca important to Muslims? Muhammad lived part of his life there.
What are the 5 pillars of Islam? Faith Prayer Charity Fasting Pilgrimage
When and why was OPEC created? 1906 to coordinate price of selling oil
Which 3 religions were founded in SW Asia? Judaism Christianity Islam
What do Judaism Christianity and Islam have in common? monotheistic religions
Why is Jerusalem important in SW Asia? Historical marker for three main religions.
Why is economic potential in the region promising? Oil=money
What is Mesopotamia? The land between Tigris and Euphrates where civilization began.
What is the Taliban? A Muslim political group responsible for 9/11.
Created by: sbisdstudent



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