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AP Amendments

Amendments to know for the AP test.

AmendmentSummary
1st Amendment Protects the people's right to practice religion, to speak freely, to assemble (meet), to address the government and of the press to publish.
2nd Amendment Protects the right to own guns. There is debate whether this is a right that protects the state, or a right that protects individuals.
3rd Amendment Guarantees that the army cannot force homeowners to give them room and board.
4th Amendment Protects the people from the government improperly taking property, papers, or people, without a valid warrant based on probable cause (good reason).
5th Amendment They can't be tried twice for the same crime. Can't be forced to testify against yourself Property can't be taken without compensation. It also contains due process guarantees.
6th Amendment Guarantees a speedy trial, an impartial jury, that the accused can confront witnesses against them, and that the accused must be allowed to have a lawyer.
7th Amendment Guarantees a jury trial in federal civil court cases. This type of case is normally no longer heard in federal court.
8th Amendment Guarantees that punishments will be fair, and not cruel, and that extraordinarily large fines will not be set.
9th Amendment Other rights aside from those listed may exist, and just because they are not listed doesn't mean they can be violated.
10th Amendment Any power not granted to the federal government belongs to the states or to the people.
13th Amendment Abolished slavery in the entire United States.
14th Amendment Ensured that all citizens of all states enjoyed not only rights on the federal level, but on the state level, too. It removed the three-fifths counting of slaves.
15th Amendment Ensures that race cannot be used as a criteria for voting.
17th Amendment Shifted the choosing of Senators from the state legislatures to the people of the states.
18th Amendment Abolished the sale or manufacture of alcohol in the United States. This amendment was later repealed (erased).
19th Amendment Ensures that gender cannot be used as a criteria for voting.
21st Amendment Repealed the 18th Amendment.
22nd Amendment Set a limit on the number of times a President could be elected - two four-year terms.
26th Amendment Ensures that any person 18 or over may vote.
11th Amendment Expands the power of both state and federal governments to protect them from lawsuits
12th Amendment Separated ballots for president and vice president
16th Amendment Allowed federal income taxes
20th Amendment Defined commencement for presidential term and set rules for succession
23rd Amendment Gave Washington DC a presidential vote
24th Amendment Abolished poll taxes
25th Amendment Determines what happens in the case of presidential and vice presidential vacancy
27th Amendment Prevents members of Congress from granting themselves pay raises during the course of a session
Created by: kctwirler1